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Fire loss in the United States

Report: NFPA's "Fire Loss in the United States During 2015"
Author: Hylton J.G. Haynes
Issued: September 2016


*Errata issued January 19, 2017. Download the errata. (PDF)
**Errata issued June 19, 2017. Download the errata. (PDF)

Key findings

  • Over the last 15 years the total number of fires that local municipal fire departments reported continues to be on a downward trend for a decrease of 21%. Over this same period, however, the number of structure fires has remained relatively constant.
  • Fires are still fatal. 78% of all fire deaths occur in home fires. 
  • In communities with less than 5,000 population, the frequency of fires per thousand population is higher and the rate of civilian fire deaths is significantly worse than in larger communities.
  • Average loss per structure has remained relatively unchanged since 1977 where it was $14,600 and $20,700 in 2015, per structure in 2015 dollars.
  • In 2015, 64% of fire department responses were medical aid (ambulance, EMS, rescue) responses.

Fires in the United States infographic


Older reports

See older versions of the Fire Loss report.

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