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Patterns of firefighter fireground injuries

Report: NFPA's "Patterns of Firefighter Fireground Injuries"
Author: Richard Campbell
Issued: December 2016

*Errata issued August 4, 2017. Download the errata (PDF)

Report highlights

  • In 2010-2014, there were an estimated average of 30,289 fireground injuries experienced each year by U.S. firefighters.
  • The majority of firefighter injuries were sustained by career firefighters (79% of the total), with volunteer firefighters experiencing 21 percent of injuries.
  • Overexertion/strain was the leading injury cause (26% of injuries), followed by exposure to hazard (21%). Other leading causes of injury were slip/trip (13%), contact with object (13%), fall (11%), and struck or assaulted by person, animal, object (7%).
  • Fires at residential properties were associated with the largest share of firefighter injuries, with nearly three-quarters of the total (73%). 
Related report


Firefighter fireground injuries by cause of injury 2010-2014
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