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Energy Storage Systems

NFPA’s Energy Storage Systems Safety Training Program provides tools and information that U.S. firefighters need to safely handle emergency incidents involving energy storage systems

Free online training for the U.S. fire service

Energy Storage Systems (ESS) are rapidly becoming a reality across the United States. To help the fire service handle the unique challenges presented by these new technologies, NFPA has developed the Energy Storage System Safety Training Course. In approximately four hours, this self-paced, online program effectively trains students through engaging videos, animations, simulations, and review exercises.

Topics in this free online training include: 

  • an introduction to energy storage system concepts including ESS applications, types, and terminology.
  • basic electrical theory
  • an introduction to battery energy storage systems (including Lead Acid, Lithium Ion, Sodium Sulfur, and Flow Batteries)
  • failure modes and hazards
  • pre-incident planning
  • emergency response procedures, and more.

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Fire service: Interested in hosting an ESS training at your facility? Please contact us!


Also see:

NFPA Journal®: As energy storage systems (ESS) evolve and as NFPA considers a new standard for ESS safety, research continues in an effort to improve the materials, design, and methodologies that underlie this rapidly expanding technology. Read an interview with a Sandia National Laboratories researcher. (January/February 2017)

Report: Hazard Assessment of Lithium Ion Battery Energy Storage Systems (February 2016)
In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the deployment of lithium ion batteries in energy storage systems (ESS). Many ESS are being deployed in urban areas both in high rise structures and single- and multi-family residences. Local Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs) along with the ESS integrators and installers are challenged by the lack of clear direction on fire protection and suppression in these installations. Without a recognized hazard assessment made available to standards developers, AHJs, emergency responders, and industry, guidance on safe installation of these systems will lack a technical basis.

Workshop: Energy Storage Systems and the Built Environment (November 2015)
The application of electrical energy storage systems (ESS) using technologies such as bulk lithium-ion batteries and flow batteries has proliferated in recent years. The intended deployment of ESS in the built environment is focused on occupancies from high-rise structures to single- and multi-family residences. Local Authorities Having Jurisdictions and emergency responders, along with ESS integrators, installers, insurers and others, are challenged by the lack of clear direction on the overall hazard and optimum approaches to address the hazard, including appropriate built-in fire protection measures and emergency responder strategies and tactics.


Video: As the world continues its shift towards renewable energy generation, including high powered energy storage systems, the U.S. fire service needs to be prepared for the new hazards these systems may pose. Watch this series of five videos on energy storage systems.