Fire Protection Research Foundation report: "Hazard Assessment of Lithium Ion Battery Energy Storage Systems" (PDF, 7 MB)
Author: Andrew F. Blum, P.E., CFEI and R. Thomas Long Jr., P.E., CFEI, Exponent, Inc.
Date of issue: February 2016
In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the deployment of lithium ion batteries in energy storage systems (ESS). Many ESS are being deployed in urban areas both in high rise structures and single- and multi-family residences. Local Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs) along with the ESS integrators and installers are challenged by the lack of clear direction on fire protection and suppression in these installations. Without a recognized hazard assessment made available to standards developers, AHJs, emergency responders, and industry, guidance on safe installation of these systems will lack a technical basis.
The purpose of this project is to develop a hazard assessment of the usage of lithium ion batteries in ESS to allow for the development of safe installation requirements and appropriate emergency response tactics.