NFPA® 13 Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems 2013 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Units and Symbols
1.7 New Technology
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
3.4 Sprinkler System Type Definitions
3.5 System Component Definitions
3.6 Sprinkler Definitions
3.7 Construction Definitions
3.8 Private Water Supply Piping Definitions
3.9 Storage Definitions
3.10 Marine Definitions
3.11 Hanging and Bracing Definitions
Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1 Level of Protection
4.2 Limited Area Systems
4.3 Owner's Certificate
4.4 Additives
4.5 Air, Nitrogen, or Other Approved Gas
4.6 Support of Nonsprinkler System Components
Chapter 5 Classification of Occupancies and Commodities
5.1 Classification of Occupancies
5.2 Light Hazard Occupancies
5.3 Ordinary Hazard Occupancies
5.4 Extra Hazard Occupancies
5.5 Special Occupancy Hazards
5.6 Commodity Classification
Chapter 6 System Components and Hardware
6.1 General
6.2 Sprinklers
6.3 Aboveground Pipe and Tube
6.4 Fittings
6.5 Joining of Pipe and Fittings
6.6 Hangers
6.7 Valves
6.8 Fire Department Connections
6.9 Waterflow Alarm Devices
6.10 Signs
Chapter 7 System Requirements
7.1 Wet Pipe Systems
7.2 Dry Pipe Systems
7.3 Preaction Systems and Deluge Systems
7.4 Combined Dry Pipe and Preaction Systems for Piers, Terminals, and Wharves
7.5 Multi-Cycle Systems
7.6 Antifreeze Systems
7.7 Automatic Sprinkler Systems with Non–Fire Protection Connections
7.8 Outside Sprinklers for Protection Against Exposure Fires (Exposure Protection Sprinkler Systems)
7.9 Refrigerated Spaces
7.10 Commercial-Type Cooking Equipment and Ventilation
7.11 Additives and Coatings
Chapter 8 Installation Requirements
8.1 Basic Requirements
8.2 System Protection Area Limitations
8.3 Use of Sprinklers
8.4 Application of Sprinkler Types
8.5 Position, Location, Spacing, and Use of Sprinklers
8.6 Standard Pendent and Upright Spray Sprinklers
8.7 Sidewall Standard Spray Sprinklers
8.8 Extended Coverage Upright and Pendent Spray Sprinklers
8.9 Extended Coverage Sidewall Spray Sprinklers
8.10 Residential Sprinklers
8.11 CMSA Sprinklers
8.12 Early Suppression Fast-Response Sprinklers
8.13 In-Rack Sprinklers
8.14 Pilot Line Detectors
8.15 Special Situations
8.16 Piping Installation
8.17 System Attachments
Chapter 9 Hanging, Bracing, and Restraint of System Piping
9.1 Hangers
9.2 Installation of Pipe Hangers
9.3 Protection of Piping Against Damage Where Subject to Earthquakes
Chapter 10 Underground Piping
10.1 Piping Materials
10.2 Fittings
10.3 Joining of Pipe and Fittings
10.4 Depth of Cover
10.5 Protection Against Freezing
10.6 Protection Against Damage
10.7 Requirement for Laying Pipe
10.8 Joint Restraint
10.9 Backfilling
10.10 Testing and Acceptance
Chapter 11 Design Approaches
11.1 General
11.2 Occupancy Hazard Fire Control Approach for Spray Sprinklers
11.3 Special Design Approaches
Chapter 12 General Requirements for Storage
12.1 General
12.2 Hose Connections
12.3 Adjacent Hazards or Design Methods
12.4 Wet Pipe Systems
12.5 Dry Pipe and Preaction Systems
12.6 Storage Applications
12.7 Discharge Considerations
12.8 Hose Stream Allowance and Water Supply Duration
12.9 Restrictions
12.10 Room Design Method
12.11 High-Expansion Foam Systems
12.12 Protection of Idle Pallets
Chapter 13 Miscellaneous Storage
13.1 Miscellaneous Storage Up to 12 ft (3.7 m) in Height
13.2 Design Basis
13.3 In-Rack Sprinklers
Chapter 14 Protection for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, Shelf, or Back-to-Back Shelf Storage of Class I through Class IV Commodities
14.1 General
14.2 Control Mode Density/Area Sprinkler Protection Criteria for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, Shelf, or Back-to-Back Shelf Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities
14.3 CMSA Sprinklers for Palletized or Solid-Piled Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities
14.4 Early Suppression Fast-Response (ESFR) Sprinklers for Palletized or Solid-Piled Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities
14.5 Special Design for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, or Shelf Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities
14.6 High-Expansion Foam — Reduction to Ceiling Density
Chapter 15 Protection for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, Shelf, or Back-to-Back Shelf Storage of Plastic and Rubber Commodities
15.1 General
15.2 Control Mode Density/Area Sprinkler Protection Criteria for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, Shelf, or Back-to-Back Shelf Storage of Plastic and Rubber Commodities
15.3 CMSA Sprinklers for Palletized or Solid-Piled Storage of Plastic and Rubber Commodities
15.4 Early Suppression Fast-Response (ESFR) Sprinklers for Palletized or Solid-Piled Storage of Plastic and Rubber Commodities
15.5 High-Expansion Foam — Reduction in Ceiling Density
Chapter 16 Protection of Rack Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities
16.1 General
16.2 Protection Criteria for Rack Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities Stored Up to and Including 25 ft (7.6 m) in Height
16.3 Protection Criteria for Rack Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities Stored Over 25 ft (7.6 m) in Height
Chapter 17 Protection of Rack Storage of Plastic and Rubber Commodities
17.1 General
17.2 Protection Criteria for Rack Storage of Plastics Commodities Stored Up to and Including 25 ft (7.6 m) in Height
17.3 Protection Criteria for Rack Storage of Plastics Commodities Stored Over 25 ft (7.6 m) in Height
Chapter 18 Protection of Rubber Tire Storage
18.1 General
18.2 Columns Within Rubber Tire Storage
18.3 Water Supplies
18.4 Ceiling Systems
18.5 In-Rack Sprinkler System Requirements for Protection of Rubber Tires
18.6 Reduced-Discharge Density
Chapter 19 Protection of Roll Paper
19.1 Protection of Roll Paper Storage
Chapter 20 Special Designs of Storage Protection
20.1 General
20.2 Plastic Motor Vehicle Components
20.3 Sprinkler Design Criteria for Storage and Display of Class I Through Class IV Commodities, Cartoned Nonexpanded Group A Plastics and Nonexpanded Exposed Group A Plastics in Retail Stores
20.4 Protection of Baled Cotton Storage
20.5 Sprinkler Protection of Carton Records Storage with Catwalk Access
20.6 Compact Storage of Commodities Consisting of Paper Files, Magazines, Books, and Similar Documents in Folders and Miscellaneous Supplies with No More Than 5 Percent Plastics Up to 8 ft (2.44 m) High
20.7 Protection of High Bay Records Storage
Chapter 21 Alternative Sprinkler System Designs for Chapters 12 Through 20
21.1 General
21.2 Sprinkler Protection Criteria for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, Shelf, or Back-to-Back Shelf Storage of Class I Through Class IV and Plastic Commodities
21.3 Sprinkler Protection Criteria for Open-Frame Rack Storage of Class I Through Class IV and Plastic Commodities
21.4 Hose Stream Allowance and Water Supply Duration
21.5 Minimum Obstruction Criteria
Chapter 22 Special Occupancy Requirements
22.1 General
22.2 Flammable and Combustible Liquids
22.3 Aerosol Products
22.4 Spray Application Using Flammable or Combustible Materials
22.5 Solvent Extraction Plants [NFPA 36]
22.6 Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines
22.7 Nitrate Film
22.8 Laboratories Using Chemicals
22.9 Oxygen-Fuel Gas Systems for Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes
22.10 Acetylene Cylinder Charging Plants
22.11 Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids Code
22.12 Utility LP-Gas Plants
22.13 Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)
22.14 Protection of Information Technology Equipment
22.15 Standard on Incinerators, and Waste and Linen Handling Systems and Equipment
22.16 Standard for Ovens and Furnaces
22.17 Health Care Facilities Code, Hyperbaric Chambers
22.18 Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems
22.19 Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstages, Approved Production Facilities, and Production Locations
22.20 Animal Housing Facilities
22.21 Water Cooling Towers
22.22 Standard for the Construction and Fire Protection of Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves
22.23 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities
22.24 Aircraft Hangars
22.25 Airport Terminal Buildings, Fueling Ramp Drainage, and Loading Walkways
22.26 Aircraft Engine Test Facilities
22.27 Advanced Light Water Reactor Electric Generating Plants
22.28 Light Water Nuclear Power Plants
22.29 Hydroelectric Generating Plants [NFPA 851]
22.30 Code for the Protection of Cultural Resource Properties — Museums, Libraries, and Places of Worship [NFPA 909]
22.31 National Electrical Code
22.32 Fire Protection of Telecommunication Facilities
22.33 Exhaust Systems for Air Conveying of Vapors, Gases, Mists, and Noncombustible Particulate Solids
22.34 Hypobaric Facilities
22.35 Coal Mines
22.36 Metal/Nonmetal Mining and Metal Mineral Processing Facilities
22.37 Hazardous Materials Code
Chapter 23 Plans and Calculations
23.1 Working Plans
23.2 Water Supply Information
23.3 Hydraulic Calculation Forms
23.4 Hydraulic Calculation Procedures
23.5 Pipe Schedules
23.6 Deluge Systems
23.7 Exposure Protection Sprinkler Systems
23.8 In-Rack Sprinklers
23.9 Hose Allowance
Chapter 24 Water Supplies
24.1 General
24.2 Types
Chapter 25 Systems Acceptance
25.1 Approval of Sprinkler Systems and Private Fire Service Mains
25.2 Acceptance Requirements
25.3 Circulating Closed Loop Systems
25.4 Instructions
25.5 Hydraulic Design Information Sign
25.6 General Information Sign
Chapter 26 Marine Systems
26.1 General
26.2 System Components, Hardware, and Use
26.3 System Requirements
26.4 Installation Requirements
26.5 Design Approaches
26.6 Plans and Calculations
26.7 Water Supplies
26.8 System Acceptance
26.9 System Instructions and Maintenance
Chapter 27 System Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
27.1 General
27.2 Inactive Sprinkler Systems Abandoned in Place
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Miscellaneous Topics
Annex C Explanation of Test Data and Procedures for Rack Storage
Annex D Sprinkler System Information from the 2012 Edition of the Life Safety Code
Annex E Development of the Design Approach to Conform with SEI/ASCE 7
Annex F Informational References
Index