NFPA® 45 Standard on Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals 2011 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 Definitions
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 Laboratory Unit Hazard Classification
4.1 General
4.2 Laboratory Unit Fire Hazard Classification
4.3 Laboratory Work Area and Laboratory Unit Explosion Hazard Classification
Chapter 5 Laboratory Unit Design and Construction
5.1 Laboratory Unit Enclosure
5.2 Maximum Area of Laboratory Units
5.3 Requirements for Life Safety
5.4 Means of Access to an Exit
5.5 Furniture, Casework, and Equipment
5.6 Electrical Installation
Chapter 6 Fire Protection
6.1 General
6.2 Automatic Fire Extinguishing Systems
6.3 Standpipe and Hose Systems
6.4 Portable Fire Extinguishers
6.5 Fire Alarm Systems
6.6 Fire Prevention
Chapter 7 Explosion Hazard Protection
7.1 General
7.2 Explosion-Resistant Construction
7.3 Explosion Venting
7.4 Unauthorized Access
7.5 Inspection and Maintenance
Chapter 8 Laboratory Ventilating Systems and Hood Requirements
8.1 General
8.2 Basic Requirements
8.3 Supply Systems
8.4 Exhaust Air Discharge
8.5 Duct Construction for Hoods and Local Exhaust Systems
8.6 Duct Velocities
8.7 Exhausters (Fans), Controls, Velocities, and Discharge
8.8 Chemical Fume Hood Construction
8.9 Chemical Fume Hood Location
8.10 Chemical Fume Hood Fire Protection
8.11 Perchloric Acid Hoods
8.12 Identification of Chemical Fume Hood Systems
8.13 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
Chapter 9 Chemical Storage, Handling, and Waste Disposal
9.1 Ordering Procedures
9.2 Handling and Storage
9.3 Waste Handling and Disposal
Chapter 10 Flammable and Combustible Liquids
10.1 Quantity Limitations
10.2 Supply Piping
10.3 Liquid Dispensing
10.4 Pressurized Liquid Dispensing Containers (PLDC)
10.5 Equipment
Chapter 11 Compressed and Liquefied Gases
11.1 Compressed and Liquefied Gases in Cylinders
11.2 Storage and Piping Systems
11.3 Outdoor Installation of Compressed Gas Cylinders for Servicing Laboratory Work Areas (Located Outside of Laboratory Work Areas)
11.4 Cryogenic Fluids
Chapter 12 Laboratory Operations and Apparatus
12.1 Operations
12.2 Apparatus
Chapter 13 Hazard Identification
13.1 Identification of Entrances
13.2 Exhaust Systems
13.3 Labeling of Containers
13.4 Identification Systems
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Supplementary Definitions
Annex C Supplementary Information on Explosion Hazards and Protection
Annex D Supplementary Information on the Concept of the Laboratory Unit
Annex E Flammability Characteristics of Common Compressed and Liquefied Gases
Annex F Safety Tips for Compressed Gas Users
Annex G Informational References
Index