NFPA 5000® Building Construction and Safety Code® 2012 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity. (Reserved)
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Units
1.7 Enforcement
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 General
4.1 Goals and Objectives
4.2 Assumptions
4.3 Building Design and Life Safety Compliance Options
4.4 Fundamental Fire and Life Safety Requirements
4.5 General Requirements
4.6 Roof Access
Chapter 5 Performance-Based Option
5.1 General Requirements
5.2 Performance Criteria
5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements
5.4 Performance-Based Design Characteristics and Assumptions
5.5 Design Scenarios
5.6 Evaluation of Proposed Designs
5.7 Safety Factors
5.8 Documentation Requirements
Chapter 6 Classification of Occupancy, Classification of Hazard of Contents, and Special Operations
6.1 Classification of Occupancy
6.2 Multiple Occupancies
6.3 Hazard of Contents
6.4 Special Operations
Chapter 7 Construction Types and Height and Area Requirements
7.1 General
7.2 Construction Types
7.3 Exterior Walls
7.4 Height and Area Requirements
7.5 Height Increases Permitted
7.6 Area Increases Permitted
Chapter 8 Fire-Resistive Materials and Construction
8.1 General
8.2 Fire Resistance–Rated Construction
8.3 High Challenge Fire Walls and Fire Walls
8.4 Fire Barrier Walls
8.5 Exterior Walls — General
8.6 Horizontal Assemblies
8.7 Opening Protectives
8.8 Penetrations
8.9 Joints
8.10 Smoke Partitions
8.11 Smoke Barriers
8.12 Vertical Openings
8.13 Mezzanine
8.14 Concealed Spaces
8.15 Special Hazard Protection
8.16 Insulating Materials
8.17 Rubbish Chutes and Laundry Chutes
Chapter 9 Reserved
Chapter 10 Interior Finish
10.1 General
10.2 Use of Interior Finishes
10.3 Interior Wall or Ceiling Finish Testing and Classification
10.4 Specific Materials
10.5 Trim and Incidental Finish
10.6 Interior Floor Finish Testing and Classification
10.7 Automatic Sprinklers
Chapter 11 Means of Egress
11.1 General
11.2 Means of Egress Components
11.3 Capacity of Means of Egress
11.4 Number of Means of Egress.
11.5 Arrangement of Means of Egress
11.6 Measurement of Travel Distance to Exits
11.7 Discharge from Exits
11.8 Illumination of Means of Egress
11.9 Emergency Lighting
11.10 Marking of Means of Egress
11.11 Special Provisions for Occupancies with High Hazard Contents
11.12 Mechanical Equipment Rooms, Boiler Rooms, and Furnace Rooms
11.13 Normally Unoccupied Building Service Equipment Support Areas
11.14 Elevators for Occupant-Controlled Evacuation Prior to Phase I Emergency Recall Operations
Chapter 12 Accessibility
12.1 Application
12.2 Existing Buildings and Facilities
12.3 General Exceptions
12.4 Protruding Objects
12.5 Operable Parts
12.6 Accessible Routes
12.7 Accessible Means of Egress
12.8 Parking Spaces
12.9 Passenger Loading Zones and Bus Stops
12.10 Stairways
12.11 Drinking Fountains
12.12 Kitchens and Kitchenettes
12.13 Toilet Facilities and Bathing Facilities
12.14 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers
12.15 Fire Alarm Systems
12.16 Signs
12.17 Telephones
12.18 Transportation Facilities
12.19 Assistive Listening Systems
12.20 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines
12.21 Assembly Areas
12.22 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms
12.23 Health Care Occupancies and Residential Board and Care Occupancies
12.24 Hotel and Motel and Lodging and Rooming House Guest Rooms
12.25 Storage
12.26 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces
12.27 Sales and Service
12.28 Depositories, Vending Machines, Change Machines, Mail Boxes, and Fuel Dispensers
12.29 Windows
12.30 Two-Way Communication Systems
12.31 Judicial Facilities
12.32 Detention Facilities and Correctional Facilities
12.33 Residential Facilities
12.34 Amusement Rides
12.35 Recreational Boating Facilities
12.36 Exercise Machines and Equipment
12.37 Fishing Piers and Platforms
12.38 Golf Facilities
12.39 Miniature Golf Facilities
12.40 Play Areas
12.41 Saunas and Steam Rooms
12.42 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas
12.43 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions
12.44 Technical Requirements
12.45 Additional Technical Requirements
Chapter 13 Encroachments into the Public Right-of-Way
13.1 General
13.2 Projection into Alleys
13.3 Space Below Sidewalk
13.4 Balconies and Appendages
13.5 Doors
13.6 Roof Drainage
13.7 Air-Right Structures
13.8 Skywalk Bridges
Chapter 14 Safeguards During Construction
14.1 Purpose
14.2 Application
14.3 Protection of Utilities
14.4 Temporary Light and Power
14.5 Use of Explosives
Chapter 15 Building Rehabilitation
15.1 Administration
15.2 Definitions and Chapter Organization
15.3 Repair
15.4 Renovation
15.5 Modification
15.6 Reconstruction
15.7 Change of Use and Change of Occupancy Classification
15.8 Addition
15.9 Damaged or Unsafe Buildings
15.10 Historic Buildings and Structures
Chapter 16 Assembly Occupancies
16.1 General Requirements
16.2 Means of Egress Requirements
16.3 Protection
16.4 Special Provisions
16.5 Building Services
Chapter 17 Educational Occupancies
17.1 General Requirements
17.2 Means of Egress Requirements
17.3 Protection
17.4 Special Provisions
17.5 Building Services
Chapter 18 Day-Care Occupancies
18.1 General Requirements
18.2 Means of Egress Requirements
18.3 Protection
18.4 Special Provisions
18.5 Building Services
18.6 Day-Care Homes
Chapter 19 Health Care Occupancies
19.1 General Requirements
19.2 Means of Egress Requirements
19.3 Protection
19.4 Special Provisions
19.5 Building Services
Chapter 20 Ambulatory Health Care Occupancies
20.1 General Requirements
20.2 Means of Egress Requirements
20.3 Protection
20.4 Special Provisions
20.5 Building Services
Chapter 21 Detention and Correctional Occupancies
21.1 General Requirements
21.2 Means of Egress Requirements
21.3 Protection
21.4 Special Provisions
21.5 Building Services
Chapter 22 One- and Two-Family Dwellings
22.1 General Requirements
22.2 Means of Escape Requirements
22.3 Protection
22.4 Separation Within Two-Family Dwellings
22.5 Separation Between Townhouses
22.6 Building Services
Chapter 23 Lodging or Rooming House Occupancies
23.1 General Requirements
23.2 Means of Escape Requirements
23.3 Protection
23.4 Reserved
23.5 Building Services
Chapter 24 Hotels and Dormitory Occupancies
24.1 General Requirements
24.2 Means of Egress Requirements
24.3 Protection
24.4 Special Provisions
24.5 Building Services
Chapter 25 Apartment Buildings
25.1 General Requirements
25.2 Means of Egress Requirements
25.3 Protection
25.4 Special Provisions
25.5 Building Services
Chapter 26 Residential Board and Care Occupancies
26.1 General Requirements
26.2 Small Facilities
26.3 Large Facilities
Chapter 27 Mercantile Occupancies
27.1 General Requirements
27.2 Means of Egress Requirements
27.3 Protection
27.4 Special Provisions
27.5 Building Services
27.6 Reserved
Chapter 28 Business Occupancies
28.1 General Requirements
28.2 Means of Egress Requirements
28.3 Protection
28.4 Special Provisions
28.5 Building Services
Chapter 29 Industrial Occupancies
29.1 General Requirements
29.2 Means of Egress Requirements
29.3 Protection
29.4 Special Provisions
29.5 Building Services
29.6 Special Provisions for Aircraft-Servicing Hangars
Chapter 30 Storage Occupancies
30.1 General Requirements
30.2 Means of Egress Requirements
30.3 Protection
30.4 Special Provisions
30.5 Building Services
30.6 Special Provisions for Aircraft Storage Hangars
30.7 Special Provisions for Grain or Other Bulk Storage Elevators
30.8 Special Provisions for Parking Structures
Chapter 31 Occupancies in Special Structures
31.1 General
31.2 Underground Structures
31.3 Limited Access Structures
31.4 Vehicles and Vessels (Mobile Units)
31.5 Open Structures (Outdoor Processing Facilities)
31.6 Towers
31.7 Water-Surrounded Structures
31.8 Piers
31.9 Helistops
Chapter 32 Special Construction
32.1 General
32.2 Membrane Structures
32.3 Tents
32.4 Awnings and Canopies
32.5 Marquees
32.6 Outdoor Signs
32.7 Grandstands and Bleachers
32.8 Swimming Pools and Spas
32.9 Cooling Towers
32.10 Temporary Structures
32.11 Masonry and Concrete, Chimneys, and Fireplaces
32.12 Masonry Heaters
32.13 Roof Structures
32.14 Towers and Spires
32.15 Rooftop Heliports
Chapter 33 High-Rise Buildings
33.1 General Requirements
33.2 Means of Egress Requirements
33.3 Protection
Chapter 34 High Hazard Contents
34.1 General Requirements
34.2 Requirements for All Occupancies Containing High Hazard Contents
34.3 Requirements for Occupancies Exceeding the Maximum Allowable Quantity (MAQ) per Control Area for High Hazard Contents
Chapter 35 Structural Design
35.1 General
35.2 Special Definitions
35.3 Building Classification.
35.4 Construction Documents
35.5 Dead Loads
35.6 Live Loads
35.7 Roof Loads
35.8 Snow Loads
35.9 Wind Loads
35.10 Earthquake Loads
35.11 Lateral Soil Loads
35.12 Flood Loads
35.13 Ice Loads — Atmospheric Icing Loads
35.14 Other Minimum Loads
35.15 Load Combinations
35.16 Building Rehabilitation
Chapter 36 Soils, Foundations, and Retaining Walls
36.1 Scope
36.2 Excavations
36.3 Investigation and Bearing Capacity of Soil
36.4 Soil-Bearing Footings
36.5 Pile Foundations
36.6 Foundation Walls
36.7 Wood Foundation Systems
36.8 Waterproofing and Dampproofing
36.9 Retaining Walls
Chapter 37 Exterior Wall Construction
37.1 General
37.2 Projections
37.3 Weather Resistance
37.4 Metal Composite Materials (MCM)
37.5 Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS)
Chapter 38 Roof Assemblies and Roof Structures
38.1 Scope
38.2 Exterior Fire Exposure
38.3 Interior Fire Exposure
38.4 Wind Resistance
38.5 Hail Resistance
38.6 Roof Drainage
38.7 Roof Flashing Requirements
38.8 Ventilation of Attic Space
38.9 Roof Materials and Assemblies
38.10 Re-Roofing
38.11 Light-Transmitting Plastic Roof Panels, Sloped Glazing, and Skylights
Chapter 39 Flood-Resistant Design and Construction
39.1 General
39.2 Special Definitions
39.3 Design Flood
39.4 Flood Hazard Area
39.5 Performance During the Design Flood
39.6 Design and Construction Requirements
39.7 Lowest Floor Elevation
39.8 Foundations
39.9 Materials
39.10 Systems
39.11 Enclosures Below the Design Flood Elevation
39.12 Documentation
39.13 Existing Structures
39.14 Manufactured Housing
39.15 Temporary Structures
Chapter 40 Quality Assurance During Construction
40.1 General
40.2 Extent of Quality Assurance
40.3 Quality Assurance for Structural and Geotechnical Components and Assemblies
40.4 Quality Assurance for Wall Finish Systems
40.5 Quality Assurance for Sprayed Fire-Resistive Materials
40.6 Quality Assurance for Smoke Control Systems
40.7 Quality Assurance for Stairs and Railings
40.8 Quality Assurance for Nonstructural Components and Systems
40.9 Quality Assurance for Penetrations and Joints
Chapter 41 Concrete
41.1 Scope
41.2 General
41.3 Construction Documents
41.4 Quality Assurance
41.5 Seismic Requirements
41.6 Slabs-on-Ground
41.7 Shotcrete
41.8 Reinforced Gypsum Concrete
Chapter 42 Aluminum
42.1 General
Chapter 43 Masonry
43.1 Scope
43.2 General
43.3 Design
43.4 Construction Documents
43.5 Quality Assurance
43.6 Masonry Construction Materials
43.7 Masonry Construction
43.8 Seismic Requirements
43.9 Masonry and Concrete Fireplaces and Chimneys
Chapter 44 Steel
44.1 General
44.2 Structural Steel Construction
44.3 Composite Structural Steel and Concrete Construction
44.4 Steel Joists
44.5 Steel Cable Structures
44.6 Steel Storage Racks
44.7 Cold-Formed Steel
44.8 Cold-Formed Steel Light Frame Construction
Chapter 45 Wood
45.1 Scope
45.2 Special Definitions
45.3 General
45.4 Design Requirements
45.5 Criteria
45.6 General Construction Requirements
Chapter 46 Glass and Glazing
46.1 General
46.2 Special Definitions
46.3 Labeling
46.4 Louvered Windows or Jalousies
46.5 Human Impact Loads
46.6 Glass in Handrails and Guards
46.7 Glazing in Athletic Facilities
46.8 Sloped Glazing and Skylights
46.9 Glass Supports
46.10 Wind, Snow, and Dead Loads on Glass
46.11 Fire Protection Glazing
Chapter 47 Gypsum Board, Lath, and Plaster
47.1 General Requirements
47.2 Gypsum Board and Gypsum Veneer Plaster
47.3 Gypsum Lath and Gypsum Plaster
47.4 Lath and Plaster
Chapter 48 Plastics
48.1 Scope
48.2 Special Definitions
48.3 General Criteria — Foam Plastic Insulation
48.4 Specific Application Requirements — Foam Plastic Insulation
48.5 Specific Requirements — Interior Finish and Trim
48.6 Specific Requirements — Plastic Veneers
48.7 Specific Requirements — Light-Transmitting Plastics
48.8 Specific Requirements — Plastic Interior Signs
48.9 Specific Requirements — Light-Transmitting Plastics Used in Greenhouses
Chapter 49 Interior Environment
49.1 General
49.2 Ventilation
49.3 Lighting
49.4 Sound Transmission
49.5 Interior Space Dimensions
49.6 Access to Attics
49.7 Design Conditions
49.8 Special Requirements for Occupancies
49.9 Vermin Proofing. (Reserved)
Chapter 50 Mechanical Systems
50.1 General
50.2 Flood Resistance
50.3 Refrigeration Machinery Room
Chapter 51 Energy Efficiency
51.1 General
51.2 Commercial
51.3 Residential
51.4 Manufactured Homes
51.5 Day Care
51.6 Residential Board and Care
Chapter 52 Electrical Systems
52.1 General
52.2 Flood Resistance
Chapter 53 Plumbing Systems
53.1 General
53.2 Flood Resistance
Chapter 54 Elevators and Conveying Systems
54.1 General
54.2 Installation
54.3 Ambulance Stretcher Accommodation
54.4 Openings to Exit Enclosures
54.5 Elevator Machine Rooms and Machinery Spaces
54.6 Number of Cars in a Hoistway
54.7 Hoistway Enclosure
54.8 Flood Resistance
54.9 Vents Required
54.10 Conveying Systems
54.11 Wheelchair Lifts
54.12 Fire Service Access Elevators
Chapter 55 Fire Protection Systems and Equipment
55.1 General
55.2 Fire Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems
55.3 Automatic Sprinklers
55.4 Standpipe Systems
55.5 Other Automatic Extinguishing Equipment
55.6 Portable Fire Extinguishers
55.7 Smoke Control
55.8 Fire Hydrants
55.9 Private Fire Service Mains
55.10 Protection of Cooking Hazards
55.11 Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detection and Warning Equipment
55.12 Special Inspections and Tests
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Vermin Proofing
Annex C Flood-Resistant Construction
Annex D Construction Types and Enhanced Fire Compartment Requirements
Annex E Supplement Evacuation Equipment
Annex F In-Building Radio Systems
Annex G Green Construction
Annex H Informational References
Index