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NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code™ Handbook, 2006 Edition

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NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code Handbook, 2006 Edition
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Contents

Contents

 

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

 

Section One

 

NFPA 1, UFC, and Commentary 1

 

Part I Administrative 3

 

1 Administration 3

1.1 Scope 3

1.2 Purpose 3

1.3 Application 4

1.4 Equivalencies, Alternatives, and

Modifications 5

1.5 Units 7

1.6 Enforcement 7

1.7 Authority 7

1.8 Duties and Powers of the Incident

Commander 11

1.9 Liability 12

1.10 Board of Appeals 12

1.11 Records and Reports 14

1.12 Permits and Approvals 15

1.13 Certificates of Fitness 18

1.14 Plan Review 28

1.15 Technical Assistance 29

1.16 Notice of Violations and Penalties 30

 

2 Referenced Publications 31

2.1 General 31

2.2 NFPA Publications 31

2.3 Other Publications 33

 

3 >Definitions 37

3.1 General 37

3.2 NFPA Official Definitions 37

3.3 General Definitions 38

3.4 Special Performance-Based Definitions 75

 

4 General Requirements 79

4.1 Goals and Objectives 79

4.2 Assumptions 84

4.3 Compliance Options 85

4.4 Fundamental Requirements 85

4.5 General Requirements 86

 

5 >Performance-Based Option 91

5.1 General 91

5.2 Performance Criteria 98

5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements

5.4 Design Scenarios 100

5.5 Evaluation of Proposed Designs

5.6 Safety Factors 109

5.7 Documentation Requirements

 

6 Reserved 113

 

7 Reserved 115

 

8 Reserved 117

 

9 Reserved 119

 

 

Part II General 121

 

10 General Fire Safety 121

10.1 Fundamental Requirements 121

10.2 Owner/Occupant Responsibilities 123

10.3 Occupancy 124

10.4 Maintenance and Testing 124

10.5 Building Evacuation 125

10.6 Fire Drills 125

10.7 Reporting of Fires and Other

Emergencies 126

10.8 Tampering with Fire Safety Equipment 127

10.9 Emergency Plans 127

10.10 Smoking 128

10.11 Open Fires, Incinerators, and Commercial

Fireplaces 129

10.12 Access to Structures or Areas 130

10.13 Fire Protection Markings 131

10.14 Vacant Buildings and Premises 133

10.15 Combustible Vegetation 135

10.16 Special Outdoor Events, Carnivals, and

Fairs 137

10.17 Outside Storage 138

10.18 Parade Floats 139

10.19 Powered Industrial Trucks 139

 

11 Building Services 141

11.1 Electrical Fire Safety 141

11.2 Heating, Ventilation, and Air

Conditioning 149

11.3 Elevators, Escalators, and Conveyors 150

11.4 Utilities 151

11.5 Heating Appliances 152

11.6 Rubbish Chutes, Incinerators, and Laundry

Chutes 154

11.7 Stationary Generators and Standby Power

Systems 155

11.8 Smoke Control 157

11.9 Emergency Command Center 158

 

12 Features of Fire Protection 161

12.1 General 161

12.2 Construction 161

12.3 Fire-Resistant Assemblies 163

12.4 Fire Doors and Windows 164

12.5 Interior Finish 165

12.6 Furnishings, Contents, Decorations, and Treated

Finishes 165

12.7 Fire Barriers 165

12.8 Smoke Partitions 171

12.9 Smoke Barriers 173

 

13 Fire Protection Systems 179

13.1 General 179

13.2 Standpipe Systems 180

13.3 Automatic Sprinklers 182

13.4 Fire Pumps 209

13.5 Water Supply 216

13.6 Portable Extinguishers 217

13.7 Detection, Alarm, and Communication

Systems 232

13.8 Other Fire Protection Systems 292

 

14 Means of Egress 295

14.1 Application 295

14.2 Exit Access Corridors 296

14.3 Exits 296

14.4 Means of Egress Reliability 299

14.5 Doors 300

14.6 Enclosure and Protection of Stairs 314

14.7 Exit Passageways 317

14.8 Capacity of Means of Egress 320

14.9 Number of Means of Egress 329

14.10 Arrangement of Means of Egress 331

14.11 Discharge from Exits 342

14.12 Illumination of Means of Egress 344

14.13 Emergency Lighting 346

14.14 Marking of Means of Egress 347

14.15 Secondary Means of Escape 355

 

15 Planned Building Groups 357

15.1 Applicability 357

15.2 Compliance 357

15.3 Plans 357

 

16 Safeguards During Building Construction, Alteration,
and Demolition Operations 359

16.1 General Requirements 359

16.2 Processes and Hazards 361

16.3 Fire Protection 362

16.4 Safeguarding Construction and
Alteration Operations 366

16.5 Fire Safety During Demolition 368

16.6 Torch-Applied Roofing Systems 369

16.7 Tar Kettles 369

16.8 Asbestos Removal 371

 

17 Wildland Urban Interface

17.1 General 373

17.2 Plans 373

17.3 Wildland Fire–Prone Areas 373

 

18 Fire Department Access and Water Supply 377

18.1 General 377

18.2 Fire Department Access 377

18.3 Water Supplies and Fire Hydrants 381

 

19 Combustible Waste and Refuse 385

19.1 General 385

19.2 Combustible Waste and Refuse 386

 

Part III Occupancy 389

 

20 >Occupancy Fire Safety 389

20.1 Assembly Occupancies 389

20.2 Educational Occupancies 399

20.3 Day-Care Occupancies 403

20.4 Health Care Occupancies 406

20.5 Residential Board and Care

Occupancies 411

20.6 Ambulatory Health Care Centers 414

20.7 Detention and Correctional

Occupancies 418

20.8 Hotels and Dormitories 421

20.9 Apartment Buildings 422

20.10 Lodging or Rooming Houses 423

20.11 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and

Manufactured Housing 423

20.12 Mercantile Occupancies 424

20.13 Business Occupancies 425

20.14 Industrial Occupancies 425

20.15 Storage Occupancies 427

20.16 Special Structures and High-Rise

Buildings 431

20.17 Historical Buildings 433

 

21 Airports and Heliports 435

21.1 Hangars 435

21.2 Terminals 435

21.3 Rooftop Heliport Construction

and Protection 438

 

22 Automobile Wrecking Yards 447

22.1 General 447

22.2 Permits 447

22.3 Fire Department Access Roads 447

22.4 Welding and Cutting 447

22.5 Housekeeping 447

22.6 Fire Extinguishers 447

22.7 Tire Storage 447

22.8 Burning Operations 447

22.9 Motor Vehicle Fluids and Hazardous

Materials 447

 

23 Cleanrooms 449

23.1 General 449

23.2 Applicability 449

23.3 Permits 450

 

24 Drycleaning 451

24.1 General 451

24.2 Permits 451

 

25 Grandstands and Bleachers, Folding and Telescopic
Seating, Tents, and Membrane Structures 453

25.1 General 453

25.2 Tents 457

25.3 Grandstands 460

25.4 Folding and Telescopic Seating 463

25.5 Permanent Membrane Structures 464

25.6 Temporary Membrane Structures 466

 

26>Laboratories Using Chemicals 469

26.1 General 469

26.2 Laboratories in Health Care

Occupancies 470

26.3 Permits 471

 

27 Manufactured Home and Recreational
Vehicle Sites 473

27.1 Manufactured Home Sites 473

27.2 Recreational Vehicle Parks and

Campgrounds 473

 

28 Marinas and Boatyards 475

28.1 Marinas, Boatyards, and Other Recreational

Marine Facilities 475

28.2 Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves 480

28.3 Construction, Repair, and Lay-Up of

Vessels 481

 

29 Parking Garages 483

29.1 General 483

 

30 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and
Repair Garages 485

30.1 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities 485

30.2 Repair Garages 487

30.3 Operational Requirements 491

 

31 Products 495

31.1 General 495

31.2 Permits 495

31.3 Forest Products 495

 

32 Reserved 507

 

33 Reserved 509

 

34 Reserved 511

 

35 Reserved 513

 

36 Reserved 515

 

37 Reserved 517

 

38 Reserved 519

 

39 Reserved 521

 

Part IV Processes 523

 

40 Dust Explosion Prevention 523

40.1 General 523

40.2 Permits 532

 

41 Hot Work Operations 535

41.1 General 535

41.2 Responsibility for Hot Work 536

41.3 Fire Prevention Precautions 537

41.4 Public Exhibitions and Demonstrations 544

41.5 Arc Welding Equipment 545

 

42 Refueling 547

42.1 General 547

42.2 Automotive Fuel Servicing 547

42.3 Marine Fueling 566

42.4 Aircraft Fuel Servicing 572

42.5 Alternate Fuels 585

 

43 Spraying, Dipping, and Coating Using Flammable or
Combustible Materials 595

43.1 Application 595

43.2 Organic Peroxides and Plural Component

Coatings 618

43.3 Styrene Cross-Linked Composites

Manufacturing (Glass Fiber Reinforced

Plastics) 620

43.4 Dipping and Coating Processes 621

43.5 Training 622

 

44 Solvent Extraction 625

44.1 General 625

44.2 Application 626

44.3 Permits 626

44.4 Special Requirements 626

 

45 Reserved 627

 

46 Reserved 629

 

47 Reserved 631

 

48 Reserved 633

 

49 Reserved 635

 

Part V Equipment 637

 

50 Commercial Cooking 637

50.1 Application 637

50.2 General Requirements 638

50.3 Protection of Coverings and Enclosure

Materials 641

50.4 Fire-Extinguishing Equipment 642

50.5 Procedures for the Use and Maintenance of

Equipment 648

50.6 Minimum Safety Requirements for Cooking

Equipment 650

 

51 Industrial Ovens and Furnaces 653

51.1 General 653

51.2 Location 657

51.3 Safety Controls 657

 

52 Stationary Lead-Acid Battery Systems 659

52.1 General 659

52.2 Permits 659

52.3 Safety Features 660

 

53 Mechanical Refrigeration 665

53.1 General 665

53.2 Classification 666

53.3 Definitions 666

53.4 Permits and Plans 666

53.5 Installation and Maintenance 667

53.6 Access 667

53.7 Emergency Control Box 667

53.8 Treatment and Flaring Systems for Refrigerant

Discharge 668

53.9 Ammonia Diffusion Systems 669

53.10 Refrigeration Machinery Rooms 670

53.11 Refrigerant Vapor Detection and Alarm

Systems 671

53.12 Electrical 672

53.13 Instructions 672

53.14 Signs and Labels 672

53.15 Testing of Equipment 672

53.16 Notification of Refrigerant Discharges 673

53.17 Changing of Refrigerant Type 673

53.18 Records of Refrigerant Quantities 673

53.19 Storage 673

 

54 Reserved 675

 

55 Reserved 677

 

56 Reserved 679

 

57 Reserved 681

 

58 Reserved 683

 

59 Reserved 685

 

Part VI Hazardous Materials 687

 

60 Hazardous Materials 687

60.1 General 687

60.2 Control Areas and Quantity Limits 695

60.3 General Requirements for Storage and Use of

Hazardous Materials in Amounts Exceeding

Maximum Allowable Quantities 708

60.4 Supplemental Requirements for Storage of

Hazardous Materials in Amounts Exceeding

Maximum Allowable Quantities 714

60.5 Supplemental Requirements for Use and

Handling of Hazardous Materials in Amounts

Exceeding Maximum Allowable

Quantities 720

 

61 Aerosol Products 725

61.1 General Provisions 725

61.2 Classification of Aerosol Products 725

61.3 Marking of Packages of Aerosol

Products 726

61.4 Basic Requirements 726

61.5 Storage in Warehouses and Storage

Areas 728

61.6 Mercantile Occupancies 729

61.7 Operations and Maintenance 730

 

62 Combustible Fibers 733

62.1 General 733

62.2 Electrical Wiring 733

62.3 No Smoking 733

62.4 Vehicles and Material Handling

Equipment 733

62.5 Loose Storage of Combustible Fibers 735

62.6 Baled Storage 735

 

63 Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids 737

63.1 General Provisions 737

63.2 Building Related Controls 738

63.3 Compressed Gases 743

63.4 Cryogenic Fluids 755

 

64 Corrosive Solids and Liquids 763

64.1 General 763

64.2 Outdoor Storage 763

 

65 Explosives, Fireworks, and Model Rocketry 765

65.1 General 765

65.2 Display Fireworks 765

65.3 Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate

Audience 767

65.4 Flame Effects Before an Audience 768

65.5 Fireworks Manufacturing 770

65.6 Model Rocketry 771

65.7 Rocketry Manufacturing 771

65.8 High Power Rocketry 771

65.9 Explosives 772

65.10 Ammonium Nitrate 773

65.11 Sale,Handling, and Storage of Consumer

Fireworks 774

 

66 Flammable and Combustible Liquids 789

66.1 General 789

66.2 Tank Storage 793

66.3 Piping Systems 810

66.4 Container and Portable Tank Storage 811

66.5 Operations 859

66.6 Electrical Equipment and Installations 874

66.7 Handling Underground Releases of Flammable

and Combustible Liquids 878

 

67 Flammable Solids 881

67.1 General 881

67.2 Outdoor Storage 881

 

68 Highly Toxic and Toxic Solids and Liquids 883

68.1 General 883

68.2 Indoor Storage 883

68.3 Outdoor Storage 883

 

69 Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Liquefied
Natural Gases 885

69.1 General Provisions 885

69.2 Containers 885

69.3 Installation of LP-Gas Systems 897

69.4 LP-Gas Liquid Transfer 933

69.5 Storage of Cylinders Awaiting Use, Resale,

or Exchange 940

69.6 Vehicular Transportation of LP-Gas 947

69.7 LP-Gases at Utility Plants 951

69.8 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) 951

 

70 Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides 953

70.1 General 953

70.2 Liquid and Solid Oxidizers 953

70.3 Organic Peroxide Formulations 963

 

71 Pyrophoric Solids and Liquids 973

71.1 General 973

71.2 Outdoor Storage 973

 

72 Unstable (Reactive) Solids and Liquids 9755

72.1 General 975

72.2 Outdoor Storage 975

 

73 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids 977

73.1 General 977

73.2 Outdoor Storage 977

 

Annexes

 

A Explanatory Material 979

B Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides 981

C Sample Ordinance Adopting the NFPA 1,

Uniform Fire Code 993

D Hazardous Materials Management Plans and Hazardous

Materials Inventory Statements 995

E Model Citation Program 1007

F Model Fees and Charges Program 1015

G Ozone Gas-Generating Equipment 1021

H Fire Flow Requirements for Buildings 1023

I Fire Hydrant Locations and Distribution 1027

J Additional, Adoptable NFPA Codes and

Standards 1029

K Informational References 1031

 

Section Two

 

Supplements 1039

1 SI Units and Conversion Tables 1041

2 Inspection and Special Forms 1053

 

Index 1073

 

About the Editors 1101

 

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