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This test method provides a means of measuring smoke obscuration of essentially flat materials, products, or assemblies (including surface finishes) up to 25mm thick, when exposed to specified levels of thermal irradiance in a single closed chamber.
The principal fire-test-response characteristic obtained from using NFPA 270 is the specific optical density of smoke from the specimens tested. An optional fire-test-response characteristic measurable with this method is the mass optical density, which is the specific optical density of smoke divided by the mass lost by the specimens during the test.
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© National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2016