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NFPA 654: Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids
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What is NFPA 654?
NFPA 654: Document Scope

1.1* Scope.
A.1.1 Examples of industries that handle combustible particulate solids, either as a process material or as a fugitive or nuisance dust, include but are not limited to the following:
(1) Agricultural, chemical, and food commodities, fibers, and textile materials
(2) Forest and furniture products industries
(3) Metals processing
(4) Paper products
(5) Pharmaceuticals
(6) Resource recovery operations (tires, municipal solid waste, metal, paper, or plastic recycling operations)
(7) Wood, metal, or plastic fabricators
1.1.1 This standard provides requirements for all phases of the manufacturing, processing, blending, conveying, repackaging, and handling of combustible particulate solids or hybrid mixtures, regardless of concentration or particle size, where the materials present a fire, a flash fire, or an explosion hazard.
1.1.2 The owner/operator shall be responsible for implementing the requirements in this standard.

This standard presents safety measures to prevent and mitigate fires and dust explosions in facilities that handle combustible particulate solids, which includes combustible dusts, fibers, flocks, flakes, chips, and chunks.

Official document scope
What does NFPA 654 address?

Requirements apply to all phases of the manufacture, processing, blending, pneumatic conveying, repackaging, and handling of combustible particulate solids or hybrid mixtures where the materials present a fire or explosion hazard. Topics include facility and systems design and construction, identification of combustible dust flash fire or explosion hazard areas, process equipment protection, fugitive dust control and housekeeping, ignition source identification and control, fire protection, training and procedures, and inspection and maintenance.

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