NFPA 10: Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers
Current Edition: 2013 Next Edition: 2017

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NFPA 10:
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The next edition of this standard is now open for Public Input (formerly proposals).

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What is NFPA 10?
NFPA 10: Document Scope
1.1* Scope. The provisions of this standard apply to the selection, installation, inspection, maintenance, and testing of portable extinguishing equipment. A.1.1 Many fires are small at origin and can be extinguished by the use of portable fire extinguishers. Notification of the fire department as soon as a fire is discovered is strongly recommended. This alarm should not be delayed by awaiting results of the application of portable fire extinguishers. Fire extinguishers can represent an important segment of any overall fire protection program. However, their successful functioning depends upon the following conditions having been met: (1) The fire extinguisher is located in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 6 and is in working order. (2) The fire extinguisher is of the correct type for a fire that can occur. (3) The fire is discovered while still small enough for the fire extinguisher to be effective. (4) The fire is discovered by a person ready, willing, and able to use the fire extinguisher. Fixed systems are covered by the following NFPAstandards: (1) NFPA 11, Standard for Low-, Medium-, and High-Expansion Foam (2) NFPA 12, Standard on Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems (3) NFPA 12A, Standard on Halon 1301 Fire Extinguishing Systems (4) NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems (5) NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems (6) NFPA 15, Standard for Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire Protection (7) NFPA 16, Standard for the Installation of Foam-Water Sprinkler and Foam-Water Spray Systems (8) NFPA 17, Standard for Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems (9) NFPA 17A, Standard for Wet Chemical Extinguishing Systems (10) NFPA 96, Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations (11) NFPA 750, Standard on Water Mist Fire Protection Systems (12) NFPA 2001, Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems 1.1.1 Portable fire extinguishers are intended as a first line of defense to cope with fires of limited size. 1.1.2 The selection and installation of extinguishers is independent of whether the building is equipped with automatic sprinklers, standpipe and hose, or other fixed protection equipment. (See 5.5.5, 6.1.1.1, 6.2.1.1, and 6.2.1.5.) 1.1.3 The requirements given herein are minimum. 1.1.4 The requirements do not apply to permanently installed systems for fire extinguishment, even where portions of such systems are portable (such as hose and nozzles attached to a fixed supply of extinguishing agent).

NFPA 10 provides requirements to ensure that portable fire extinguishers will work as intended to provide a first line of defense against fires of limited size.

Official document scope
What does NFPA 10 address?

Criteria cover installations for Class A, B, C, D, and K hazards as well as the selection, inspection, maintenance, recharging, and testing of portable fire extinguishing equipment. Includes a list of obsolete fire extinguishers that should be removed from service.

Table Of Contents.
NFPA 10, 2013 Edition: Archived Revision Information
Report on Proposals (ROP)
Report on Proposals (ROP)
Proposals can be submitted for text to be amended or included in NFPA Codes and Standards. Following the Call for Proposals period, the responsible Technical Committee or Panel holds a meeting to consider and act on all submitted proposals. The committee or panel may also develop its own proposals. A document known as the Report on Proposals (ROP) is prepared containing all the Public Proposals, Technical Committees' action on each Proposal, as well as all Committee-generated proposals. The ROP for the document in question is submitted for the approval of the responsible TC or Panel by a formal written ballot. If the ROP does not receive approval via written ballot in accordance with NFPA rules, the Report is returned to the committee for further consideration and is not published. If the necessary approval is received, the ROP is published in a compilation of Reports on Proposals issued by NFPA twice yearly for public review and comment, and the process continues to the next step. The ROP is published and widely distributed and anyone may download or request a copy.
ROP Meeting Notice
ROP Meeting Notice
Note: Please contact the appropriate staff liaison (listed on the Technical Committee tab) for information on attending an NFPA Technical Committee meeting as a guest. Read NFPA"s Regulations Governing Committee Projects (Section 3.3.3.3) for further information.
ROP Meeting Agenda
ROP Meeting Minutes
ROP Ballot
ROP Ballot
The ballots posted on this page are for public information only. Voting on ballots is permitted by committee members only. See NFPA Regulations Governing Committee Projects, Section 3.3.4.
Ballot (PDF, 1 MB)
Ballot Form (PDF, 403 KB)
Ballot Circulation (PDF, 88 KB)
Ballot Final (PDF, 85 KB)
Report on Comments (ROC)
Report on Comments (ROC)
Once the ROP becomes available, there is a 60-day comment period during which time anyone may submit a public comment on the proposed changes documented in the ROP. The committee or panel reconvenes at the end of the comment period and acts on all public comments. This committee or panel may also develop its own comments. As before, approval obtained via written ballot in accordance with NFPA's Regulations is required on all committee and panel actions. All of this information is compiled into a second Report, called the Report on Comments (ROC), which like the ROP, is published and made available for public review for a seven-week period.
ROC Meeting Notice
ROC Meeting Notice
Note: Please contact the appropriate staff liaison (listed on the Technical Committee tab) for information on attending an NFPA Technical Committee meeting as a guest. Read NFPA"s Regulations Governing Committee Projects (Section 3.3.3.3) for further information.
ROC Meeting Agenda
ROC Meeting Minutes
ROC Ballot
ROC Ballot
The ballots posted on this page are for public information only. Voting on ballots is permitted by committee members only. See NFPA Regulations Governing Committee Projects, Section 3.3.4.
Ballot (PDF, 467 KB)
Ballot Form (PDF, 195 KB)
Ballot Circulation (PDF, 4 MB)
Ballot Final (PDF, 758 KB)
Motions Committee Report (NITMAM)
Motions Committee Report (NITMAM)
Proposed NFPA documents will be presented for action at the applicable Annual (June) Association Technical Meeting only when proper Amending Motions (Notice of Intent to Make a Motion - NITMAM) have been certified by the Motions Committee of the Standards Council as a proper amending motion. Documents that receive no motions will not be presented at the meeting and instead will be forwarded directly to the NFPA Standards Council for action on issuance. More about the codes and standards making process including NITMAM.
No NITMAMs
Association Technical Meeting
Consent document not presented at Association Technical Meeting. Document issuance by Standards Council: 11/27/2012
Archived revision information
NFPA 10, 2013 Edition: Archived Revision Information
View archived proposals, comments and other records related to the development of this edition.
Read the archived revision information
Tentative Interim Amendment (TIA)
Tentative Interim Amendment (TIA)
Tentative Interim Amendments (TIAs) are amendments to an NFPA document processed in accordance with Section 5 of the Regulations Governing Committee Projects. They have not gone through the entire codes and standards-making process of being published in a ROP and ROC for review and comment. TIAs are effective only between editions of the Document. A TIA automatically becomes a proposal of the proponent for the next edition of the Document, as such is then subject to all of the procedures of the codes and standards making process. TIAs are published in NFPA News , NFCSS, and any further distribution of the document after being issued by the Standards Council.

Requests for TIAs shall be clearly worded to provide the recommended revision and the reason as to why it is of an emergency nature requiring prompt action. Submissions shall be in writing, addressed to the Standards Council Secretary, NFPA, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471. The submitter must also provide the appropriate endorsments in writing of two members of the applicable technical committee or technical correlating committee. For further information on submitting a TIA, please contact Codes and Standards Administration.

Formal Interpretations (FIs)
Formal Interpretations (FIs)
Formal Interpretations (FIs) provide formal explanations of the meaning or intent of any specific provision or provisions of any document in accordance with Section 6 of the Regulations Governing Committee Projects.

Download a Formal Interpretation request form (doc, 58 KB).

For previously issued Formal Interpretations (not listed below), e-mail the NFPA Library, or call +1 617 984-7445, or fax +1 617 984-7060.

Formal Interpretations (PDF, 41 KB)
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