NFPA 701: Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films

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What is NFPA 701?
NFPA 701: Document Scope

1.1* Scope. 1.1.1* Test Method 1. A.1.1 A small-scale test method appeared in NFPA 701 until the 1989 edition. It was eliminated from the test method because it has been shown that materials that “pass” the test do not necessarily exhibit a fire performance that is acceptable. The test was not reproducible for many types of fabrics and could not predict actual full-scale performance. It should not, therefore, be used. Test Method 1 shall apply to fabrics or other materials used in curtains, draperies, or other window treatments. Vinyl coated fabric blackout linings shall be tested according to Test Method 2. Test Method 1 shall apply to single-layer fabrics and to multilayer curtain and drapery assemblies in which the layers are fastened together by sewing or other means. Vinyl-coated fabric blackout linings shall be tested according to Test Method 2. Test Method 1 shall apply to specimens having an areal density less than or equal to 700 g/m2 (21 oz/yd2), except where Test Method 2 is required to be used by 1.1.2.

This standard establishes test methods to assess the propagation of flame of various textiles and films under specified fire test conditions.

Official document scope
What does NFPA 701 address?

Two distinct test methods differentiate fabrics of different densities. The test methods apply to textile materials used in interior furnishing for public occupancy buildings including curtains, window shades, draperies, table linens, textile wall hangings, as well as to fabrics used in the assembly of awnings, tents, tarps and other similar architectural fabric structures and banners.

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