Nightclub fire in Brazil kills hundreds on January 27, 2013.
(AP Photo/Agencia RBS)
Fires in assembly occupancies have shown to be some of the most deadly when the proper features, systems and construction materials were not present. NFPA code provisions mandate that a considerable number of safety systems and features be present in order to keep everyone safe should an unwanted fire occur.
Video: NFPA president Jim Shannon says what makes the Brazil nightclub fire so heartbreaking is that it could have been avoided with adherence to codes including the use of sprinklers.
Video: NFPA's Robert Solomon says consumers need to know how to protect themselves when they visit nightclubs and other public assembly venues.
Video: NFPA's Robert Solomon was asked if he was surprised that a fire of this magnitude can still happen in this day and age.The Cocoanut Grove fire The deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history, the Cocoanut Grove nightclub burned on November 28, 1942, killing 492 people.
The Station nightclub fire A fire at The Station nightclub in W. Warwick, RI, on February 20, 2003, claimed 100 lives and is the fourth-deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history. Since the fire, NFPA has enacted tough new code provisions for fire sprinklers and crowd management in nightclub-type venues. Those provisions mark sweeping changes to the codes and standards governing safety in assembly occupancies.
Ten years after The Station nightclub fire, a survivor returns to the site to remember the fiancée and friends he lost, and recount how he became a champion for fire sprinklers.
NFPA Case Study: Nightclub fires(PDF, 3 MB) This 2006 case study reviews historic fires in assembly occupancies as well as The Station nightclub fire and the response of NFPA to this tragedy. In addition, changes made in RI and MA as well as an investigation completed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology are summarized.
Information on the inspection of assembly occupancies(PDF, 2.2 MB)from the eighth edition of NFPA's Fire and Life Safety Inspection Manual. Provides the basis for ongoing inspections of existing buildings regardless of use or occupancy.