More information

"Home Fires Involving Heating Equipment" report (PDF, 3.6 MB)

Fact sheet
"U.S. Home heating fires" fact sheet (PDF, 123 KB)

Related report
"Selected Published Incidents Involving Heating Equipment" (PDF, 555 KB)

Latest estimates on major fire causes
NFPA's latest estimates of home heating fires - 2013. (PDF, 138 KB)

Safety tips
Read NFPA's heating safety tips.


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Report: NFPA's "Home Fires Involving Heating Equipment"
Author: Richard Campbell
Issued: March 2016

Heating equipment is a leading cause of fires in U.S. homes. These homes included one- and two-family homes (including manufactured homes) and apartments (including townhouses and other multi-family dwellings).  

Report highlights

  • Heating equipment fires accounted for 16% of all reported home fires in 2009-2013 (second behind cooking) and 19% of home fire deaths (second behind smoking materials).
  • Space heaters are the type of heating equipment most often involved in home heating fires, figuring in two of every five of these fires and accounting for 84% of associated civilian deaths, 75% of civilian injuries, and 52% of direct property damage.
  • The leading factor contributing to ignition for home heating fire deaths (56%) was heating equipment too close to things that can burn, such as upholstered furniture, clothing, mattress, or bedding.
  • The leading factor contributing to home heating fires (30%) was failure to clean, principally from solid-fueled heating equipment, primarily chimneys.

Home Structure Fire Involving Heating Equipment 20092013