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Educational materials for people with disabilities

For consumers

Smoke alarms

  • Test your smoke alarm at least once a month by pushing the test button. If you can’t reach the alarm, consider getting alarms that you can test with a flashlight or a television remote.
  • For added safety, interconnect all the smoke alarms so that when one sounds they all sound. This gives everyone more time to escape.
  • Smoke alarms with non-replaceable (long-life) batteries are designed to remain effective for up to 10 years. They can be helpful for people who have difficulty changing batteries.
  • People who are deaf or hard-of-hearing cannot depend on the sound of a regular smoke alarm to alert them to a fire. Learn about alarms with strobe (flashing) lights, download a comprehensive safety guide, and see our free safety tip sheet on fire safety for people who are deaf or hard-of-hearing.

Escape planning

Safety in the workplace

Information on emergency planning, suggested evacuation aids, drills and training, and practicing and maintaining workplace escape plans.

  • English PDF (1 MB) or Word (1 MB)
  • Spanish PDF (2 MB) or Word (2 MB)
  • Spanish for Latin America PDF (2 MB) or Word (2 MB)
Safety in high-rise buildings

Information about working with building management, the local fire department, and other residents on safe evacuation practices.

  • English PDF (20 KB) or Word (21 KB)
  • Spanish PDF (233 KB)
  • Spanish for Latin America PDF (220 KB)


For public educators 

Emergency Evacuation Planning GuideIncludes a checklist that building services managers and people with disabilities can use to design a personalized evacuation plan.
  • PDF (1 MB) or Word (1.9 MB)Planning Checklist in Word  (192 KB)
Teaching Tips for Fire Safety Educators of Children with Disabilities
Safety information needs to be conveyed in a way that gives all children the opportunity to learn and practice skills. Keep in mind that general fire safety tips still apply to all.
  • English PDF (54 KB) or Word (54 KB)
  • Spanish PDF (61 KB) or Word (61 KB)
Student Planning Guide
Our student planning guide includes information to help teachers, administrators, and parents look at issues relevant to a student’s ability to evacuate a building in an emergency.
Teaching people with developmental disabilities
developmental disability occurs when a child does not meet the developmental milestones (walking, talking, smiling, playing, learning to read, etc.) expected for his or her age.

NFPA report: Physical Disability as a Factor in Home Fire Deaths (May 2011)

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NFPA® Pocket Guide to the ADA & ABA
Find accessibility requirements at-a-glance in NFPA®'s easy-to-use Pocket Guide to the ADA & ABA.
Item #: PGADA08