Evaluating Occupant Load Factors for Ambulatory Healthcare Facilities

There are current code change proposals related to changing the business occupancy occupant load factor specified in NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, and NFPA 5000, Building Construction and Safety Code. The occupant load for ambulatory health care facilities relies on the occupant load factor for business occupancies, so it has been questioned whether the occupant load factor for ambulatory health care facilities is appropriate as well. Additionally, an effort is underway to make the ambulatory healthcare occupancy chapter a standalone chapter that does not utilize any of the requirements of the business occupancy chapter. The objective of this research is to provide data to the Technical Committee on Healthcare Occupancies to either support the current occupant load factor or to provide technical basis to justify a change in this occupant load factor.

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