There have been numerous large losses at facilities that handle the Treatment, Storage, and Disposal (TSD) of hazardous waste. These losses involve numerous different hazardous wastes, from an exothermic reaction of incompatibles at an Environmental Quality Company (EQ) facility in Romulus, Michigan and a fire involving oxidizers at EQ’s facility in Apex, North Carolina, to an incident which resulted in a fatality with combustible metals at Heritage-WTI. It is important to identify the factors in the cause of fires and explosions at TSDs in order to provide guidance for code and standard development as well as the potential development of both passive and active mitigation strategies. Currently, NFPA 400, Hazardous Materials Code, has an active task group addressing the need to create code language for an existing or possibly new NFPA standard for TSDs. However, more information is needed on the hazards present in these facilities to develop requirements on how to prevent and/or mitigate large fire events.
Research Goal: The purpose of this project is to provide background information on hazards associated with TSDs and the current gaps in the codes and standards, so that it can be ultimately determined where these systems should best be addressed within NFPA documents.
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