Characteristics of home fire victims

Report: NFPA's "Characteristics of Home Fire Victims" (PDF, 2 MB)
Author: Marty Ahrens
Issued: October 2014

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the fatal and non-fatal victims of home fires, with information about victim age, sex, race, and region. Relative risk is also addressed, and additional information is provided about the relative importance of socioeconomic factors in predicting differences in the risk of fire and fire death. This report also discusses leading fire causes and risk factors such as activity when injured, victim location, and factors contributing to injury.

Executive Summary

During the five-year period of 2007-2011, home structure fires killed an estimated average of 2,570 and injured an average of 13,210 people per year. The risk of home fire death or injury varies by age, race, cause of fire and other factors. To prevent these deaths and injuries, it is necessary to understand both victim demographics and the fire circumstances.                                                                                                            

The details in this report are based on data from local fire departments.
These estimates are derived from the U.S. Fire Administration’s National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) and NFPA’s annual fire department experience survey.  Only fires and injuries reported to local fire departments are included in these estimates. Population data from the U.S. Census Bureau was also used. “Homes” include one- or two-family homes (including manufactured housing) and apartments or other multi-family dwellings.  Firefighter fatalities and injuries are excluded from this analysis.  


NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)
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