Report: NFPA's "Home Fires Involving Cooking Equipment"
Author: Marty Ahrens
Issued: November 2013
Analysis of patterns and trends in all measures of fire loss for all types of home cooking equipment and all fuel and power types, including leading causes of ignition and analysis of relative risks. Also provides safety tips and published home cooking fire incidents.
Cooking is, and has long been, the leading cause of home structure fires and home fire injuries. This is true for both fires reported to fire departments and those handled without fire department assistance.
During the five-year period of 2007-2011, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated average of 156,600 home structure fires in which cooking equipment was involved in the ignition or in which the fire department used an incident type that identified a cooking fire that did not spread beyond the cooking vessel. Together, these fires caused an average of 400 civilian deaths, 5,080 reported civilian fire injuries, and $853 million in direct property damage per year. Overall, these incidents accounted for two of every five reported home fires (43%) and reported home fire injuries (38%), 16% of home fire deaths, and 12% of the direct property damage resulting from home fires. These statistics are estimates derived from the U.S. Fire Administration’s National Fire Incident Reporting System and NFPA’s annual fire department experience survey.