Fires by occupancy: structure, vehicles, outside and other

Report: NFPA's "Fires by Occupancy - 2007-2011 Annual Averages" reports (Structures, Vehicles, Outside and Other Fires)
Author: 
NFPA's Fire Analysis and Research Division
Issued: April 2013

A collection of tables by occupancy showing the estimated average number of fires, associated civilian deaths and civilian injuries, and direct property damage resulting from fires per year for incidents reported to local U.S. fire departments during 2007-2011. Statistics are provided for three general groups of fires.

The collection of tables by occupancy shows the estimated average number of fires, associated civilian deaths and civilian injuries, and direct property damage resulting from fires per year for incidents reported to local U.S. fire departments during 2007-2011. These estimated were derived from Version 5.0 of the U.S. Fire Administration’s National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS 5.0) and the National Fire Protection Association’s (NFPA’s) annual fire department experience survey. Fires reported to federal, state or industrial fire brigades are not included in these statistics.

Statistics are provided for three general groups of fires:

Structure fires. Any fire in or on a building or other structure is considered a structure fire even if the structure itself was not damaged. Mobile property used as a fixed structure, such as manufactured homes and portable buildings, are considered structures. A vehicle that burns inside a structure with the fire limited the vehicle only is, however, considered a vehicle fire.

Vehicle fires. Vehicles include highway-type vehicles such as cars, trucks, recreational vehicles, buses, and motorcycles, as well as aircraft, rail vehicles, boats or water vehicles, and industrial, agricultural, home, garden, and construction vehicles.

Outside and other fires. This category includes any fire that is not a structure or vehicle fire, including:

  • Outside grass, brush, forest, crop or other vegetation fires
  • Outside trash fire
  • Outside fire involving property of value, such as storage or equipment
  • Unclassified fires
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