Direct Property Damage
(in Billions)1

Year

Fires

Civilian
Deaths

Civilian
Injuries

As Reported

In 2012 Dollars

1977

374,500

6402

4,670

$2.1

$7.9

1978

355,500

335

4,585

$1.9

$6.7

1979

340,000

470

6,025

$2.6

$8.2

1980

331,000

475

5,025

$2.6

$7.2

1981

316,500

360

6,575

$2.8

$7.1

1982

292,000

380

5,125

$2.6

$6.2

1983

243,000

420

5,400

$2.6

$6.0

1984

242,500

450

4,275

$2.5

$5.5

1985

253,500

380

4,175

$2.7

$5.7

1986

234,500

330

4,175

$2.4

$5.0

1987

221,500

310

3,850

$2.6

$5.2

1988

206,500

325

4,200

$3.3

$6.4

1989

189,500

320

3,750

$3.6

$6.7

1990

169,500

3503

3,850

$2.6

$4.6

1991

176,000

265

3,700

$2.94

$4.94

1992

178,500

235

3,225

$3.2

$5.2

1993

163,500

260

4,5505

$2.66

$4.26

1994

176,000

165

3,650

$2.7

$4.2

1995

159,500

3457

3,075

$3.4

$5.1

1996

161,500

185

3,000

$3.1

$4.5

1997

156,500

150

3,075

$2.6

$3.7

1998

148,000

200

2,625

$2.4

$3.4

1999

152,000

145

2,475

$3.5

$4.8

2000

137,500

115

2,625

$3.0

$4.0

20018

138,000

110

2,025

$3.4

$4.4

2002

130,000

105

1,950

$2.8

$3.6

2003

131,000

2409

1,950

$2.710

$3.410

2004

130,500

115

1,825

$2.5

$3.0

2005

130,000

75

2,025

$2.5

$2.9

2006

128,000

125

1,850

$2.8

$3.2

2007

131,500

135

1,750

$3.211

$3.511

2008

128,500

145

1,800

$4.112

$4.412

2009

118,000

130

2,090

$3.2

$3.4

2010

112,500

115

2,070

$2.8

$2.9

2011

114,500

120

1,725

$2.8

$2.9

2012

115,500

90

1,825

$2.8

$2.8

1Individual incidents with large loss can affect the total for a given year. Note the following:
2Includes 165 deaths at the Beverly Hills Supper Club fire in Southgate, Kentucky.
3Includes 87 deaths at the Happy Land social club fire in New York City (N.Y.C.).
4Does not include $1.5 billion in damage caused by the Oakland Fire Storm.
5Includes 1,024 injuries that occurred at the 1993 World Trade Center explosion and fire in N.Y.C.
6Does not include Southern California wildfire with a loss of $809 million.
7Includes 168 deaths that occurred at the federal office building fire in Oklahoma City, OK.
8Does not include the events of 9/11/01, where there were 2,451 civilian deaths, 800 civilian injuries and $33.44 billion in property loss.
9This includes 100 fire deaths in the Station Nightclub Fire in Rhode Island and 31 deaths in two nursing home fires in Connecticut and Tennessee.
10This does not include the Southern California wildfires with an estimated property damage of $2 billion.
11This does not include the California Fire Storm 2007 with an estimated property damage of $1.8 billion
12Does not include the California wildfires 2008 with an estimated property damage of $1.4 billion.

The 1988 figure includes a Norco, Louisiana petroleum refinery with a loss of $330 million. The 1989 figure includes a Pasadena, Texas polyolefin plant with a loss of $750 million. The 1995 figures includes an Oklahoma City, OK office building with a loss of $135 million, a Georgia manufacturing plant fire with a loss of $200 million and a Massachusetts industrial complex fire with a loss of $500 million. The 1992 figure includes the Los Angeles Civil Disturbance with a loss of $567 million.

Direct property damage figures do not include indirect losses, like business interruption.
Inflation adjustment to 2012 dollars is done using the consumer price index.

Source: Fire Loss in the United States 2012, Michael J. Karter, Jr., NFPA, September 2013 and previous reports in the series.

Updated 10/13