Non-residential structure fires

 

       

Direct Property Damage1
(in Billions)

Year

Fires

Civilian
Deaths

Civilian
Injuries

As Reported

In 2012 Dollars

1977

348,000

3702

3,710

$1.9

$7.2

1978

331,500

165

3,725

$1.8

$6.3

1979

315,000

205

4,400

$2.4

$7.6

1980

307,500

229

3,625

$2.4

$6.7

1981

294,500

220

5,325

$2.7

$6.8

1982

270,000

260

4,475

$2.5

$5.9

1983

227,000

270

4,700

$2.5

$5.8

1984

225,000

285

3,750

$2.5

$5.5

1985

237,500

240

3,525

$2.7

$5.7

1986

218,500

215

3,725

$2.3

$4.8

1987

206,500

220

3,375

$2.5

$5.0

1988

192,500

215

3,675

$3.2

$6.2

1989

174,500

220

3,275

$3.5

$6.5

1990

157,000

2853

3,425

$2.5

$4.4

1991

162,500

190

3,125

$2.84

$4.84

1992

165,500

175

2,725

$3.1

$5.1

1993

151,500

155

3,9505

$2.66

$4.26

1994

163,000

125

3,100

$2.6

$4.0

1995

148,000

2907

2,600

$3.38

$5.18

1996

150,500

140

2,575

$3.0

$4.4

1997

145,500

120

2,600

$2.5

$3.6

1998

136,000

170

2,250

$2.3

$3.2

1999

140,000

120

2,100

$3.4

$4.7

2000

126,000

90

2,200

$2.8

$3.7

20019

125,000

80

1,650

$3.2

$4.1

2002

118,000

80

1,550

$2.7

$3.4

2003

117,500

22010

1,525

$2.611

$3.311

2004

115,500

80

1,350

$2.4

$2.9

2005

115,000

50

1,500

$2.3

$2.7

2006

111,500

85

1,425

$2.6

$3.0

2007

116,500

105

1,350

$3.112

$3.412

2008

112,000

120

1,400

$3.813

$4.113

2009

103,500

105

1,690

$3.0

$3.2

2010

98,000

90

1,620

$2.6

$2.7

2011

98,500

90

1,275

$2.6

$2.7

2012

99,500

65

1,525

$2.6

$2.6

1Individual incidents with large loss can affect the total for a given year. Note the following:
The 1988 figure includes a Norco, Louisiana petroleum refinery with a loss of $330 million. The 1989 figure includes a Pasadena, Texas polyolefin plant with a loss of $750 million.
The 1992 figure includes the Los Angeles Civil Disturbance with a loss of $567 million.
2Includes 165 deaths at the Beverly Hills Supper Club fire in Southgate, Kentucky.
3Includes 87 deaths at the Happy Land social club fire in New York City (N.Y.C.).
4Does not include $1.5 billion in damage caused by Oakland Fire Storm.
5Includes 1,024 injuries that occurred at the World Trade Center explosion and fire in N.Y.C.
6Does not include Southern California Wild Fire with a loss of $809 million.
7Includes 168 deaths that occurred at the federal office building fire in Oklahoma City, OK.
8Includes an Oklahoma City, OK office building with a loss of $135 million, a Georgia manufacturing plant fire with a loss of $200 million and a Massachusetts industrial complex fire with a loss of $500 million.
9Does not include the events of 9/11/01, where there were 2,451 civilian deaths, 800 civilian injuries and $33.44 billion in property loss.
10This includes 100 fire deaths in the Station Nightclub Fire in Rhode Island and 31 deaths in two nursing home fires in Connecticut and Tennessee.
11This does not include the Southern California wildfires with and estimated property damage of $2 billion.
12This does not include the California Fire Storm 2007 with an estimated property damage of $1.8 billion.
13Does not include the California wildfires 2008 with an estimated property damage of $1.4 billion.

The term non-residential includes public assembly, educational, institutional, store and office, industry, utility, storage and special structure properties.

Direct property damage figures do not include indirect losses, like business interruption.

Inflation adjustment to 2012 dollars is done using the consumer price index.

Source: Fire Loss in the United States 2012 Michael J. Karter, Jr., NFPA, September 2013 and previous reports in the series.

Updated 10/13