Direct Property Damage
(in Billions)1

Year

Fires

Civilian
Deaths

Civilian
Injuries

As Reported

In 2012 Dollars

1977

1,098,000

6,505

26,310

$4.1

$15.5

1978

1,062,000

6,350

24,985

$4.0

$14.1

1979

1,036,500

5,970

24,850

$5.0

$15.8

1980

1,065,000

5,675

24,725

$5.5

$15.3

1981

1,027,500

5,760

25,700

$6.0

$15.1

1982

946,500

5,200

25,575

$5.7

$13.5

1983

868,500

5,090

26,150

$5.8

$13.3

1984

848,000

4,525

23,025

$5.9

$13.0

1985

859,500

5,265

23,350

$6.4

$13.6

1986

800,000

4,985

22,750

$5.8

$12.1

1987

758,000

4,880

23,815

$6.2

$12.5

1988

745,000

5,280

26,275

$7.22

$14.02

1989

688,000

4,655

24,025

$7.53

$13.93

1990

624,000

4,400

24,075

$6.7

$11.8

1991

640,500

3,765

24,975

$8.34

$14.04

1992

637,500

3,940

24,325

$7.05

$11.55

1993

621,500

3,980

26,550

$7.46

$11.86

1994

614,000

3,590

23,125

$6.9

$10.7

1995

573,500

3,9857

21,725

$7.6

$11.4

1996

578,500

4,220

21,875

$7.9

$11.6

1997

552,000

3,510

20,375

$7.1

$10.1

1998

517,500

3,420

19,425

$6.7

$9.4

1999

523,000

3,040

18,525

$8.5

$11.7

2000

505,500

3,535

19,600

$8.5

$11.3

2001

521,500

3,220

17,225

$8.9

$11.5

2002

519,000

2,775

15,600

$8.7

$11.1

2003

519,500

3,3859

15,600

$8.710

$10.910

2004

526,000

3,305

15,525

$8.3

$10.1

2005

511,000

3,105

15,325

$9.2

$10.8

2006

524,000

2,705

14,350

$9.6

$10.9

2007

530,500

3,000

15,350

$10.611

$11.711

2008

515,000

2,900

14,960

$12.412

$13.212

2009

480,500

2,695

14,740

$10.8

$11.5

2010

482,000

2,755

15,420

$9.7

$10.2

2011

484,500

2,640

15,635

$9.7

$9.9

2012

480,500

2,470

14,700

$9.8

$9.8

2013 487,500 2,855 14,075 $9.5             $9.5

 

1Individual incidents with large loss can affect the total for a given year. 
2The 1988 figure includes a Norco, Louisiana petroleum refinery with a loss of $330 million.
3The 1989 figure includes a Pasadena, Texas polyolefin plant with a loss of $750 million. 
4The 1991 figure includes the Oakland fire storm with a loss of $1.5 billion and the Meriden Plaza high-rise fire in Philadelphia with a loss of $325 million. 
5The 1992 figure includes the Los Angeles Civil Disturbance with a loss of $567 million
6The 1993 figure includes Southern California wildfires with a loss of $809 million.
7Includes 168 deaths that occurred at the federal office building fire in Oklahoma City, OK.
8Does not include the events of 9/11/01, where there were 2,451 civilian deaths, 800 civilian injuries and $33.44 billion in property loss. 
9Includes 100 fire deaths in the Station Night Club Fire in Rhode Island and 31 deaths in tow nursing home fires in Connecticut and Tennessee.
10Does not include the Southern California wildfires with an estimated property damage of $2 billion.
11This does not include the California Fire Storm 2007 with an estimated property damage of $1.8 million.
12 Does not include the California wildfires 2008 with an estimated property damage of $1.4 billion.

Direct property damage figures do not include indirect losses, like business interruption
Inflation adjustment to 2013 dollars is done using the consumer price index.

Source: Fire Loss in the United States 2013, Michael J. Karter, Jr., NFPA, September 2014 and previous reports in the series.

Updated 9/14