Direct Property Damage
(in Billions)1

Year

Fires

Civilian
Deaths

Civilian
Injuries

As Reported

In 2012 Dollars

1977

1,098,000

6,505

26,310

$4.1

$15.5

1978

1,062,000

6,350

24,985

$4.0

$14.1

1979

1,036,500

5,970

24,850

$5.0

$15.8

1980

1,065,000

5,675

24,725

$5.5

$15.3

1981

1,027,500

5,760

25,700

$6.0

$15.1

1982

946,500

5,200

25,575

$5.7

$13.5

1983

868,500

5,090

26,150

$5.8

$13.3

1984

848,000

4,525

23,025

$5.9

$13.0

1985

859,500

5,265

23,350

$6.4

$13.6

1986

800,000

4,985

22,750

$5.8

$12.1

1987

758,000

4,880

23,815

$6.2

$12.5

1988

745,000

5,280

26,275

$7.22

$14.02

1989

688,000

4,655

24,025

$7.53

$13.93

1990

624,000

4,400

24,075

$6.7

$11.8

1991

640,500

3,765

24,975

$8.34

$14.04

1992

637,500

3,940

24,325

$7.05

$11.55

1993

621,500

3,980

26,550

$7.46

$11.86

1994

614,000

3,590

23,125

$6.9

$10.7

1995

573,500

3,9857

21,725

$7.6

$11.4

1996

578,500

4,220

21,875

$7.9

$11.6

1997

552,000

3,510

20,375

$7.1

$10.1

1998

517,500

3,420

19,425

$6.7

$9.4

1999

523,000

3,040

18,525

$8.5

$11.7

2000

505,500

3,535

19,600

$8.5

$11.3

20018

521,500

3,220

17,225

$8.9

$11.5

2002

519,000

2,775

15,600

$8.7

$11.1

2003

519,500

3,3859

15,600

$8.710

$10.910

2004

526,000

3,305

15,525

$8.3

$10.1

2005

511,000

3,105

15,325

$9.2

$10.8

2006

524,000

2,705

14,350

$9.6

$10.9

2007

530,500

3,000

15,350

$10.611

$11.711

2008

515,000

2,900

14,960

$12.412

$13.212

2009

480,500

2,695

14,740

$10.8

$11.5

2010

482,000

2,755

15,420

$9.7

$10.2

2011

484,500

2,640

15,635

$9.7

$9.9

2012

480,500

2,470

14,700

$9.8

$9.8

1Includes $1.5 billion in damage caused by the Oakland Fire Storm, most of which was lost to homes but for which no detailed breakdown by property type was available.
2Includes $809 million in damage caused by Southern California wildfires
3This does not include the Southern California wildfires with an estimated property damage of $2 billion.
4Does not include the California Fire Storm 2007 with an estimated property damage of $1.8 billion
5Does not include the California wildfires 2008 with an estimated property damage of $1.4 billion.

"Homes" are dwellings, duplexes, manufactured homes (also called mobile homes), apartments, rowhouses, and townhouses. Other residential properties, such as hotels and motels, dormitories, barracks, rooming and boarding homes, and the like, are not included.

Direct property damage figures do not include indirect losses, like business interruption.
Inflation adjustment to 2012 dollars is done using the consumer price index.

Source: Fire Loss in the United States 2012, Michael J. Karter, Jr., NFPA, September 2013 and previous reports in the series.

Updated 10/13

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