Trends and patterns of U.S. fire losses

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Report: NFPA's "Trends and Patterns of U.S. Fire Losses in 2013" (PDF, 600 KB)
Author: Fire Analysis and Research Division
Issued: March 2015

Using data from the current and previous editions of the Fire Loss in the United States, this analysis shows trends in fires and associated losses over time. Fire and loss data for 2013 are also grouped by incident type.


U.S. municipal fire departments responded to an estimated 1,240,000 fires in 2013. These fires killed 3,240 civilians (non-firefighters) and caused 15,925 reported civilian fire injuries.  Direct property damage was estimated at $11.5 billion dollars. Ninety seven firefighters died while on duty or of injuries incurred while on duty. The 487,500 structure fires accounted for 39% of all reported fires. 

Structure fires account for one-third of all reported fires but the majority of losses. The 487,500 reported structure fires caused 2,855 civilian fire deaths, 14,075 civilian fire injuries, and $9.5 billion in direct property damage. Structure fires accounted for 39% of the reported fires, 86% of the civilian fire deaths, 88% of the civilian fire injuries, and 83% of the direct property loss. 


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