Trends and patterns of U.S. fire losses

Report: NFPA's "Trends and Patterns of U.S. Fire Losses in 2012"
Author: Fire Analysis and Research Division
Issued: November 2013

Using data from the current and previous editions of the Fire Loss in the United States, this analysis shows trends in fires and associated losses over time. Fire and loss data for 2011 are also grouped by incident type.


U.S. municipal fire departments responded to an estimated 1,375,000 fires in 2012. These fires killed 2,855 civilians (non-firefighters) and caused 16,500 reported civilian fire injuries. Direct property damage was estimated at $12.4 billion dollars. Sixty-four firefighters died while on duty or of injuries incurred while on duty. The 480,500 structure fires accounted for 35% of all reported fires.

Figure 1 and Table 1 show that reported fires fell 58% from 3,264,000 in 1977 to 1,375,000 in 2012, a slight decrease of 1.0% from 1,389,500 in 2011.

Fire incidents by property

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