The fire service

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Download NFPA's "The United States Fire Service" (PDF, 344 KB) fact sheet.

  • 1,140,750 firefighters protected the United States in 2013. 354,600 (31%) were career firefighters and 786,150 (69%) were volunteer firefighters.
  • Most career firefighters (71%) are in communities that protect 25,000 or more people.
  • Most volunteer firefighters (95%) are in departments that protect fewer than 25,000 and more than half are located in small, rural departments that protect fewer than 2,500 people. 
  • There were 64 firefighter deaths in 2014. The largest share of deaths occurred at fire scenes (22 deaths). As in most years, sudden cardiac death accounted for the largest share of the on-duty deaths (36 deaths, or 56 percent).
  • There were 65,880 firefighter injuries in 2013.
  • 29,760 of all firefighter injuries in 2013 occurred during fireground operations. Other firefighter injuries by type of duty include: responding to, or returning from an incident (4,015); training (7,770); non-fire emergency (12,535); and other on-duty activities (11,800).
In This Section
  • Administration Needs assessment; Fire service performance measures; U.S. fire department profile; and more.
  • Fatalities and injuries Firefighter fatalities; firefighter injuries; patterns of fireground injuries; firefighter deaths related to training; and more.
  • Fire department calls Fire alarm activity; unwanted fire alarms; calls by type
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