Deadliest incidents resulting in the deaths of 8 or more firefighters

Deadliest incidents in the U.S. resulting in the deaths of 8 or more firefighters
Date   # of fatalities Occupancy   Location 
9/11/2001   340 *  World Trade Center   New York City, NY  
8/20/1910   78** Wildland fire (Devil's Broom) Silverton, ID  
10/3/1933   29   Wildland fire (Griffith Park)   Los Angeles, CA  
4/16-17/1947   27   Ship explosion   Texas City, TX 
12/22/1910   21   Meat packing plant   Chicago, IL  
2/17/1882   19   Fireworks plant   Chester, PA  
7/19/1956   19   Refinery   Dumas, TX  
6/30/2013 19 Wildland fire (Yarnell Hill) Yarnell, AZ
7/9/1953   15   Wildland fire (Rattlesnake Fire)   Mendocino, NF, CA  
8/21/1937   15   Wildland fire (Blackwater Fire)   Shoshone NF, WY  
7/6/1994   14   Wildland fire (South Canyon)   Glenwood Springs, CO  
3/17/1890   13   Store   Indianapolis, IN  
12/21/1910   13   Leather manufacturer   Philadelphia, PA  
3/10/1941   13   Theater fire   Brockton, MA  
8/5/1949   13   Wildland fire (Mann Gulch)   Helena, MT  
7/10/1893   12   Cold storage warehouse (Columbian Exposition)   Chicago, IL  
9/5/1896   12   Theater   Benton Harbor, MI  
10/17/1966   12   Multiple mercantile   New York City, NY  
11/1/1966   12   Wildland fire (Loop Fire)   Angeles NF, CA  
7/5/1973   12   Railroad tankers   Kingman, AZ  
10/1/1943   11   Wildland fire (Hauser Canyon Fire)   Cleveland NF, CA  
11/24/1956   11   Wildland fire (Inaja Fire)   Cleveland NF, CA  
10/19/1857   10   Stores and warehouses   Chicago, IL  
10/28/1954   10   Chemical plant   Philadelphia, PA  
7/23/1984   10   Oil refinery   Romeoville, IL  
6/19/1867     Theater   Philadelphia, PA  
11/9/1872     The Great Boston Fire   Boston, MA  
4/9/1894     Theater   Milwaukee, WI  
2/3/1939     Restaurant   Syracuse, NY  
1/17/1950     Construction site   Colorado Springs, CO  
1/28/1961     Cold storage warehouse   Chicago, IL  
6/17/1972     Building under renovation   Boston, MA  
6/18/2007     Furniture store/warehouse   Charleston, SC  
8/5/2008 9 Wildfire fire (Buckhorn) helicopter crash Near Weaverville, CA
4/17/2013 9 Fertilizer plant West, TX
7/9/1850     Wharf fire/conflagration   Philadelphia, PA  
10/26/1913     Rubber products manufacturer   Milwaukee, WI  
4/18/1924     Leather product storage   Chicago, IL  
8/1/1932     Hotel   New York City, NY  
7/9/1943     Mixed commercial   Chicago, IL  
8/17/1975 8 Oil refinery Philadelphia, PA
8/24/2003     Returning from wildland fire   Roseburg, OR 

Disclaimer: Death tolls are based on information in NFPA’s records. Please contact us at to provide any updated information.

* On 9/11/2001, 343 employees of the FDNY were killed: 340 firefighters, two paramedics and a chaplain. For the purposes of its annual Firefighter Fatality report, NFPA contains the count of only firefighters.

** Previously reported as 86 deaths, which was the total number of fire deaths. There were 78 firefighter deaths and nine civilian deaths.

Updated: 9/14

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