Smoke alarms

Smoke alarms that are properly installed and maintained play a vital role in reducing fire deaths and injuries. Having a working smoke alarm cuts the chances of dying in a reported fire in half.

Video: Learn basic smoke alarm safety tips.

  • According to a telephone survey, 96-97% of all homes have at least one smoke alarm, yet in 2007-2011, smoke alarms were present in only three-quarters (73%) of all reported home fires and operated in half (52%) of all reported home fires.
  • More than one-third (37%) of home fire deaths resulted from fires in homes with no smoke alarms.
  • Smoke alarms operated in fires that caused two out of five (40%) home fire deaths.  

NEW REPORT: NFPA's "Smoke Alarms in U.S. Home Fires", by Marty Ahrens, March 2014.

Family activity - check your smoke alarms!
Download a calendar tearsheet (PDF, 228 KB), and put it in an important place in your home. Remember to have a grown-up test your smoke alarms once a month. Tear off the correct month when the test is finished!

Teach your kids the sound a smoke alarm makes and what to do when they hear that sound
Designed for children ages three to five, Sparky's Match game combines a fun matching game with learning about smoke alarms. This message is especially important to small children, who may not recognize the sound or are unaware that hearing a smoke alarm means get outside and stay outside.

NFPA does not test, label or approve any products.

NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)
1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471 USA
Telephone: +1 617 770-3000 Fax: +1 617 770-0700