Changes made or pending to NFPA documents or programs relating to some aspect of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks

Updated August 2006
SUBJECT CODE/PROGRAM STATUS

Hourly fire resistance ratings used on certain tall buildings established at 3 hours and 4 hours.

NFPA 5000

Completed for 2003 edition.

Increase in Stair Width from a 44 in. minimum to a 56 in. minimum when the stair handles a population of 2000 or more occupants.

NFPA 101 / NFPA 5000

Completed for 2006 editions.

Mandates for installation of stair descent devices for persons with mobility impairments under certain conditions.

NFPA 101 / NFPA 5000

Completed for 2006 editions.

Adoption of structural frame approach for fire resistance ratings.

NFPA 5000

Completed for 2006 edition.

Integrate performance based design options into codes.

NFPA 101 / NFPA 5000

Completed for 2000 ed of NFPA 101/2003 ed of NFPA 5000

Assure that existing buildings meet some minimum level of safety or performance.

NFPA 1 / NFPA 101

Completed for all editions of NFPA 101 (1913 forward) and NFPA 1 since 1992.

Improved fire alarm system features.  Specifically, incorporating mass evacuation alarm components and audible/directional alarm features.

NFPA 72

Completed for the 2007 edition (available September 2006).

Development of Extreme Event Mitigation in Buildings reference book.

Various

Completed in June 2006.

 

Review fire test standards (i.e NFPA 251) to determine if the protocol is indicative of appropriately challenging fires.

Various

Pending as future task.  First meting on this task held March 2006 in Baltimore.

Provide enhancement features for robust building systems.

Various

Ongoing task with various completion dates.

Improved building occupant preparedness for building emergencies.

NFPA Public Education programs

NFPA 1 / NFPA 101

Ongoing task with various completion dates and continuous updates.

HRBSAC also developing generic emergency plans for consideration by TC’s for inclusion in their documents.

Expanded use of elevators during building emergencies by occupants.

NFPA 101 / NFPA 5000

Pending as future task with anticipated completion in 2007/2008.

Investigate and consider use of special external (last resort) escape contrivances.

NFPA 101 / NFPA 5000

Pending as future task with anticipated completion in 2007/2008.

Development of Emergency Evacuation Planning Guide for People with Disabilities

NFPA Disability Access Review and Advisory Committee

Expected release in September/October 2006

Establishing survey and study of "relative" safeness of occupants in certain high rise buildings.

FPRF

Ongoing task initiated by HRBSAC with estimated completion date of January 2007.

NFPA High Rise Building Safety Advisory Committee-HRBSAC:  This committee was formed in the Fall of 2004 to help NFPA identify existing needs and emerging issues in the high rise building environment.  The HRBSAC works to deliver recommendations that need to be considered by NFPA technical committees and to identify and recommend various research agenda items that have specific application to high rise buildings. 

Leadership in Life Safety Design - LLSD:   This is proposed as an incentive based program by which building developers, owners and operators could voluntarily increase and take credit for an enhancement in the level of safety for their buildings beyond that mandated by applicable building, fire and safety regulations.  As currently envisioned, LLSD would serve as a tool for conducting a more comprehensive and uniform assessment of a building’s safety features, security measures and emergency operations program.  Better performance with respect to business continuity is also anticipated as a benefit of LLSD. 

NFPA Disability Access Review and Advisory Committee-DARAC:  This committee was formed in the Fall of 2004 to help NFPA identify existing needs and emerging issues in the disability community.  The DARAC works to deliver recommendations that need to be considered by NFPA technical committees and to identify and recommend various research agenda items that have specific application concerning access, use and safety issues in the built environment.  Beyond codes, DARAC also works to review elements of NFPA public education and outreach activities.  

NFPA Homeland Security Strategic Plan and Resource Team:    NFPA is coordinating an effort to bring to bear those aspects of the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) initiatives that have the potential to impact NFPA codes and standards.  The scope of this effort extends to prevention, mitigation, response and recovery from all threats to defined security goals with an emphasis on those threats not already well addressed by existing documents. 

Future of Tall Buildings: Tall buildings do have a definitive future.  Historically, the high rise buildings in the USare among the safest type of structures we build and occupy.  Emphasis on methods to protect them already exist and owners/developer are already considering broader use of features found in the draft LLSD document.  Large sports stadia, exhibit halls, national monuments, and other large population complex or icon building can be potential targets-and the reality is, there is no reason to stop building them.

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