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Quick CompareTM Life Safety Code® for Health Care disclaimer
Important Notices and Disclaimers: Publication of this Quick Compare™ Life Safety Code® 2000 & 2012 for Health Care, is for the purpose of circulating information and opinion among those concerned for fire and life safety. While every effort has been made to achieve a work of high quality, neither the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA®), nor the authors, editors or other contributors to this book guarantee the accuracy or completeness of or assume any liability in connection with the information and opinions contained herein. The NFPA and the contributors shall in no event be liable for any personal injury, property or other damages of any nature whatsoever, whether special, indirect, consequential, or compensatory, directly or indirectly resulting from the publication of, use of, or reliance upon this book.
This book is published with the understanding that the NFPA and the contributors are supplying information and opinion but are not attempting to render engineering or other professional services. If such services are required, the assistance of an appropriate professional should be sought.
This book contains Chapters 18, 19, 20, 21, 32, and 33 of the 2000 edition of NFPA 101, Life Safety Code (“NFPA 101”), which is the edition currently adopted by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). This book also contains the same chapters from the 2012 edition of NFPA 101. The chapters included in this book were selected based on their relevance to health care occupancies. This extracted material, however, is not intended to be a substitute for the full text of NFPA 101, which should always be consulted for a full understanding of the provisions of NFPA 101. In addition, readers should be aware that the 2012 edition is, as of publication, the latest edition of NFPA 101. The latest edition of any NFPA code or standard should be consulted as the official NFPA code currently in effect. To view full text versions of the 2000 edition and the 2012 edition of NFPA 101, visit www.nfpa.org/101.
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Notice Concerning NFPA Code Interpretations: NFPA 101, like all NFPA Documents, is developed in accordance with the published procedures of the NFPA by technical committees comprised of volunteers drawn from a broad array of relevant interests. The extracted portions of NFPA 101 that appear in this book are accompanied by explanatory commentary and other supplementary materials. The commentary and supplementary materials in this book are not a part of NFPA 101 and do not constitute Formal Interpretations of the NFPA (which can be obtained only through requests processed by the responsible technical committees in accordance with the published procedures of the NFPA). The commentary and supplementary materials, therefore, solely reflect the personal opinions of the authors, editors or other contributors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the NFPA or its technical committees.
NFPA Xchange USER GUIDELINES
Last revised June 18, 2015
We welcome your participation in the NFPA Xchange™, an online community sponsored by the National Fire Protection Association (“NFPA”) that is working together to share ideas and propose solutions. We want all of our members and visitors to have the best possible experience; and your respectful and cooperative interactions will help us achieve that goal. Thank you for using your best judgment as you participate, for following our guidelines, and for reporting abuse and other inappropriate content if it is posted. We hope that your participation in the NFPA Xchange will help to improve the development and quality of fire prevention codes and standards. If you do not agree to these Guidelines, you may not use the NFPA Xchange.
The NFPA Xchange will be supervised by moderators and NFPA staff members that will review content, help our users get the information they need, and address issues that members bring to their attention. These moderators may delete or edit content that is inappropriate, misleading, or doesn’t follow our guidelines.
- Opinions expressed on the NFPA Xchange are the opinions of the individuals who post them and are not the opinions of the NFPA.
- Please note that the NFPA Xchange does not take the place of any existing or formal channel of or process for communication with NFPA. Requests for Advisory or Formal Interpretations, for example, should not be posted on the NFPA Xchange. The NFPA Xchange is also not the appropriate communication channel for proposed changes to NFPA codes and standards or for customer service requests.
- From time to time, the NFPA Xchange may contain information from or portions of NFPA codes and standards. You should always refer to the complete document including any TIA’s and errata on the docinfo pages of nfpa.org. While the NFPA administers the process and establishes the rules for the development of NFPA documents, NFPA does not independently test, evaluate or verify the accuracy of any information or the soundness of any judgments contained in NFPA documents. The NFPA disclaims liability for any personal injury, property or other damages of any nature whatsoever, whether special, indirect, consequential or compensatory, directly or indirectly resulting from the publication, use of or reliance on NFPA documents. In issuing and making documents or portions thereof available, NFPA is not undertaking to render professional or other services for or on behalf of any person or entity nor is NFPA undertaking to perform any duty owned by any person or entity to someone else.
Failure to follow these Guidelines may result in our modifying or excluding your content or terminating your account in our sole discretion.
While common sense is typically the best guide, we have established these NFPA Xchange User Guidelines to set general expectations. By using the NFPA Xchange, you agree to abide by the following:
What to Do:
- Enjoy the community. Ask questions, share knowledge, and reach out to other people to exchange ideas respectfully. We ask that you to consider the rest of the community when you write posts or upload images. We want the NFPA Xchange to be a professional environment for constructive dialogue. The community benefits from different points of view so please be polite and respectful even when you disagree. If you determine you made a mistake or an error in your postings, correct it.
- Only upload and post content that is appropriate and belongs to you. If you upload an avatar or profile image, only use images that you have created or have permission to use. Remember, you are personally responsible for the content you post. Posting content that doesn’t belong to you puts you at risk of liability.
- Be yourself. The NFPA Xchange is intended as a professional network so you need to identify yourself. Don’t impersonate others.
What to Avoid:
- Using online banking credentials to register. It’s important to use different passwords for online banking and social media sites. Please use a new password for this site.
- Being inappropriate. Don’t post inappropriate content or make inappropriate statements. Think about what you want out there before you post, and filter your content responsibly.
- Being off-topic, boring, or making angry comments. Harassing, abusing, or intimidating others simply isn’t permitted. We may also remove comments not related to the subject of the conversation, or whose sole purpose is to vent frustration. If you have an idea for a subject, would like to provide site feedback, or want to communicate directly with us, please send us a message.
- Providing commercial content or spam. Comments focused purely on selling a product or service, or comments posted for the purpose of driving traffic to a particular website for personal, political, or monetary gain, are prohibited. Also, please don’t use your account to host web graphics. Your account will be terminated if you use icons, smilies, buddy icons, forum avatars, badges, and other non-photographic elements from external websites.
- Making personal attacks. If you disagree with something, we'd like to hear from you, but always refrain from personal attacks and being disrespectful of others. Malicious intent, and any participation that is not in the spirit of civil conversation, is not allowed.
- Posting illegal content. You are required to follow applicable laws, rules and regulations that govern use of copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, etc. Do not post images or other content that doesn’t belong to you.
- Using offensive language. Refrain from using profanity and provocative language. Any hateful, racially or ethnically offensive or derogatory content, threats, and obscene or sexually explicit language are prohibited.
- Using personally-identifiable, private, or confidential information. Be mindful of keeping private information private. Whether it is information about you or someone else, please do not provide any specific financial or health account details or other personal information, including information about any accounts you may have at NFPA. You shouldn’t post information about threatened or actual lawsuits by you or others against a third party or entity. If you have immediate service needs, please contact your bank representative or customer service. Please note that we cannot accept comments from individuals under the age of 13.
- Comments in HTML format will not be accepted.
- Our point system and user status is designed to reward users for making positive contributions to the community. Please don’t take actions solely for the purpose of amassing more points and improving your status, especially if those actions won’t enhance the community experience.
NFPA reserves the right to change these guidelines at any time at its sole discretion.
A more detailed view
These are the particulars of the NFPA Xchange User Guidelines in greater detail. The NFPA Xchange is open to all points of view on fire, electrical and related hazards as well as related topics. We want to hear from you, and we are committed to maintaining a comfortable environment for all visitors. Please interact with other users respectfully, as you would in any public or professional arena. If you disagree with the statements of another user, it is acceptable to engage in polite, mature debate. Name-calling, personal attacks, harassment, and other aggressive posts or behavior are not allowed and are grounds for immediate removal of a post, or grounds for permanent removal from NFPA Xchange.
The following content and conduct are not allowed in the NFPA Xchange, and are cause for username suspension or termination without explanation or prior notice. Your posts or other communications that include the following content or reflect prohibited conduct, as described below, may be subject to removal. By participating in the NFPA Xchange, you understand and agree to abide by the following:
1. Illegal or unethical activities and content directed at NFPA Xchange or its users are prohibited.
- You agree not to engage in, promote, or advocate any illegal activity or fraudulent schemes of any kind including, but not limited to, money laundering, tax evasion, securities fraud, and pyramid or multi-level marketing schemes - through your posts or other use of the NFPA Xchange. You also agree not to post links to other websites that engage in such activities.
- Do not submit content that you know is false, inaccurate, libelous, or otherwise misleading in any way.
- Do not submit content that contains any computer viruses, worms, or other potentially damaging computer programs or files.
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- Do not post or transmit material you do not have the right to post or transmit under law (such as copyright, trade secret, or securities) or due to your personal contractual or fiduciary relationships.
- Do not post material that violates any applicable law or regulation, including, without limitation, the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and the national or other securities exchanges, (especially and including the rule against making false or misleading statements to manipulate the price of any security).
- Do not offer, sell, or buy any security through the NFPA Xchange.
- You may not use the NFPA Xchange in any manner that could damage, disable, overburden, or impair NFPA’s servers or networks, or interfere with any other user's use and enjoyment of the NFPA Xchange.
- You may not attempt to gain unauthorized access to any services, usernames, computer systems, or networks, through hacking, password mining, or any other means. We may take any legal and technical remedies necessary to prevent the violation of this provision.
2. Profane, obscene, racist, sexist, intolerant, inappropriate, disruptive, or unrelated content is prohibited.
- Indecent, profane, sexually explicit, obscene, or pornographic material of any kind - including masked profanity where symbols, initials, intentional misspellings, or other characters are used to suggest profane language - is strictly prohibited.
- Threats, personal attacks, abusive, defamatory, derogatory, or inflammatory language, or stalking or harassment of any individual, entity, or organization is strictly prohibited.
- Discriminatory or hateful speech of any kind regarding age, gender, race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, or disability is strictly prohibited.
- You agree not to engage in any spamming or excessive posting, or submit content that is disruptive, off-topic, deliberately intended to have a negative impact on the NFPA Xchange or its users, or otherwise interfere with the ability of others to enjoy or comfortably use the NFPA Xchange.
3. Keep your and other people’s information private, and other important rules.
- Do not post any personally-identifiable information about yourself or another person, including addresses, email addresses, contact information, phone numbers, account numbers, Social Security numbers, Taxpayer Identification Numbers, lawsuits brought by you or third parties against another individual or entity, or health information, and use care in posting your personal or identifying information.
- Maintain courtesy and follow good posting etiquette. Posting with ALL CAPS, HTML tags, or excessive typographic symbols may result in your post being removed.
- For customer service issues related to NFPA products and services, please go to www.nfpa.org/technical-support-request.
4. Solicitations and promotions and other commercial use are not permitted.
- You agree not to post or make available at the NFPA Xchange site any content or third-party website that harms, or intends to harm, the flow of information and/or participation in NFPA Xchange.
- You agree not to post unsolicited or unauthorized advertising, promotional materials, junk mail, spam, chain letters, or pyramid or multi-level marketing schemes, and you further agree not to use automated means, including spiders, robots, crawlers, data-mining tools, or other means to download data from the NFPA Xchange.
5. Copyright and intellectual property violations are not permitted.
- Infringement of any party's copyright, patent, trademark, trade secret, intellectual property or other proprietary rights, or right of publicity or privacy is strictly prohibited and is the sole responsibility of the user.
- By submitting any content to the NFPA Xchange, you warrant and represent that you are the copyright owner of the content or that the copyright owner of the content has granted you permission to use such content consistent with the manner and purpose of your use.
- Using the NFPA Xchange to distribute unauthorized copies of copyrighted material, including photos, artwork, text, recordings, designs, computer programs, or derivative works of such programs is strictly prohibited and subject to removal.
Representations and Warranties
In the event that you have a dispute with one or more other users of the NFPA Xchange, you release NFPA (and its officers, directors, agents, subsidiaries, joint ventures and employees) from claims, demands and damages (actual and consequential) of every kind and nature, known and unknown, suspected and unsuspected, disclosed and undisclosed, arising out of or in any way connected with such disputes.
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IN NO EVENT SHALL NFPA BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF YOUR ACCESS TO, OR USE OF, THIS SITE OR THE CONTENT THEREON, WHETHER IN A CONTRACT ACTION OR BASED ON NEGLIGENCE, OR OTHER TORT ACTION, OR ANY OTHER CLAIM WHATSOEVER, EVEN IF NFPA OR A NFPA REPRESENTATIVE HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. TO THE EXTENT APPLICABLE LAW DOES NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY OR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, THE ABOVE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
You agree to defend, indemnify and hold NFPA, its affiliates, successors, directors, officers, employees, service providers, and agents from any and all liabilities, costs, and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, related to any violation of these terms by you, or in connection with the use of this Site or the placement or transmission of any message or information on this Site by you.
If you registered as a member of the NFPA Xchange, you are entirely responsible for any and all activities that occur under your account and agree to indemnify, defend, and hold harmless the above-mentioned parties for any liability or expense arising from such use or misuse. You agree to immediately notify us of any unauthorized use of your account or any other breach of security known to you.
Digital Millenium Copyright Act (“DMCA”) Notice and Procedure
Notice and Procedure for Making Claims of Copyright Infringement in Accordance with DMCA. In accordance with the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (the text of which may be found on the U.S. Copyright Office website at http://www.copyright.gov), NFPA will respond expeditiously to clear notices of alleged copyright infringement that are reported to NFPA’s designated copyright agent identified below. As part of our response, we may remove or disable access to material residing on a site that is controlled or operated by NFPA that is claimed to be infringing, in which case we will make a good-faith attempt to contact the person who submitted the affected material so that they may make a counter notification, also in accordance with the DMCA. The following section describes the information that should be present in these notices. Notice of Infringing Material. If you are a copyright owner, or are authorized to act on behalf of an owner of the copyright or of any exclusive right under the copyright, and believe that your work has been copied in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, please report your notice of infringement to NFPA by providing NFPA’s designated copyright agent listed below with the following information:
- A physical or electronic signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed;
- Identify in sufficient detail the copyrighted work that you believe has been infringed or, if multiple copyrighted works at a single online site are covered by a single notification, a representative list of such works at that site;
- Identify the material that you claim is infringing the copyrighted work listed above and that is to be removed or access disabled, and information reasonably sufficient to permit NFPA to locate the material;
- Provide information reasonably sufficient to allow NFPA to contact you, including a name, address, telephone number, and email address;
- If possible, provide information sufficient to allow NFPA to notify the owner/administrator of the allegedly infringing content;
- Include the following statements:
- “I have a good faith belief that use of the copyrighted materials described above as allegedly infringing is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.”
- “I swear, under penalty of perjury, that the information in the notification is accurate and that I am the copyright owner or am authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed.”
- Sign the notice;
- Send the notice to:
- ATTN: National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471, CopyrightRequestsDMCA@nfpa.org
The administrator of an affected site or the provider of affected content may make a counter notification pursuant to sections 512(g)(2) and (3) of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. When we receive a counter notification, we may reinstate the material in question. To file a counter notification with us, you must provide a written communication by fax or regular mail that sets forth the items specified below:
- Identify the specific URLs or other unique identifying information of material that NFPA has removed or to which NFPA has disabled access.
- Provide your name, address, telephone number, email address, and a statement that you consent to the jurisdiction of Federal District Court for the judicial district in which your address is located (or the Northern District of California if your address is outside of the United States), and that you will accept service of process from the person who provided notification under subsection (c)(1)(C) or an agent of such person.
- Include the following statement:
- “I swear, under penalty of perjury, that I have a good faith belief that the material identified above was removed or disabled as a result of a mistake or misidentification of the material to be removed or disabled, or that the material identified by the complainant has been removed or disabled and will no longer be shown.”
- Sign the notice.
- Send the notice to:
- ATTN: National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471 CopyrightRequestsDMCA@nfpa.org
Governing Law and Jurisdiction
These Guidelines, and your rights and obligations hereunder, shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, exclusive of such state’s choice of law rules, and in accordance with the DMCA where applicable. Except where otherwise indicated, you hereby consent to the jurisdiction of the federal and state courts in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in connection with any suit, action or proceeding relating to these Guidelines.
NFPA and NFPA Employees and Consultants
NFPA does not endorse comments or postings made by its employees or by contractors, consultants, and other individuals working for or with NFPA and such content is not intended to be nor should it be relied on to provide professional consultation services. No such individual is authorized to speak on behalf of NFPA. NFPA does not validate assertions or statements made by individuals in their postings or comments. All statements and viewpoints expressed on the NFPA Xchange are strictly those of the commenter alone, and do not constitute an official position of NFPA.
Please remember that if you are a NFPA employee or if you’re working with NFPA, you must disclose your status in your profile. The NFPA Xchange will then indicate that you are working at NFPA next to your comments and questions to protect the integrity of the site. Whether you are at home or in the office, working for NFPA is a material fact that may influence content and community members have a right to know. Thank you for helping maintain the integrity of our community by disclosing that relationship.