Building & Life Safety

M03 NFPA 99 2012 Risk Categories — What They Are and Examples of Their Use (PDF, 188 KB)
Presenter(s): Michael  Crowley, Rolf Jensen & Assoicates
The 2012 edition of NFPA 99, Health Care Facilities Code, introduced the concept of risk categories to the Code. This session will review the categories, discuss their use, and demonstrate methods of evaluating the risk category.
Sponsor: Health Care Section 

M20 Fire and Smoke Barrier Continuity & Firestopping 
Presenter(s): William Koffel, Koffel Associates, Inc; William McHugh, Firestop Contractors International Association
Firestopping of penetrations and joints has been in codes for over 30 years. To build quality of installations, the Firestop Contractors International Association has developed a "DIIM" Strategy for installed firestop systems. Learn what standards are used for qualifying installing contractor and inspection agency firms, individuals, plus standards used for inspection. Learn what the code says about the building owner and manager's maintenance responsibilities.

M30 ­Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for Tall Buildings (PDF, 476 KB)
Presenter(s): Enrico Ronchi, Lund University
Building evacuation strategies are a critical element in high-rise building fire safety. Research to date has focused on elevators and exit stairs; however there is a need to apply this research to relocation and evacuation systems which may include combinations of these two exit strategies as well as new egress components such as sky bridges for tall buildings. The Fire Protection Research Foundation has undertaken a project with Lund University to study possible improvements to life safety of tall buildings through an investigation of occupant relocation and evacuation strategies involving the use of exit stairs, elevators, sky bridges, and combinations thereof.
Sponsors: Fire Protection Research Foundation, Fire Science and Technology Educators Section 

M49 ­Overview of Fire Protection and Life Safety Construction Quality Control (PDF, 1.3 MB) 
 M. Steven Welsh, Koffel Associates, Inc.
This session will provide an overview of fire protection and life safety construction quality control (QC), which involves the active on-site monitoring of construction activities. QC is intended to provoke a desired result through the execution of the contract documents, by specifically monitoring, and documenting the contractor’s performance from before the start of their work through completion. The main objective of this presentation is to discuss methodology for completing QC. Full QC is not often performed by fire protection engineers, but is becoming more common, especially on government jobs. This session will provide practical discussion with pictures and real life examples.
Sponsor: Society of Fire Protection Engineers

T07 ­International Approaches to Performance-Based Design of the SFPE Case Study (PDF, 2.2 MB)
Lennon Peake, Koffel Associates, Inc.
This session will involve detailing the performance-based option contained in Chapter 5 of NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, and will summarize design approaches taken by each country that participated in the fire protection and life safety design case study for the 9th SFPE International Conference on Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods. The case study was prepared by Koffel Associates and represented a design prepared in accordance with U.S. based Codes & Standards. Additional case studies using the same schematic design were presented by teams from other countries during the conference. The session will inform attendees of the potential benefits that performance-based design options potentially provide, both in cost savings and additional safety to building occupants, and also common design approaches from around the world.

T08 Accessibility and ADA: 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design (PDF, 2.5 MB) 
 Peter Berg and Jessica Madrigal, Great Lakes ADA Center
The U.S. Department of Justice requires all newly constructed and altered buildings to comply with the new 2010 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Standards for Accessible Design. Intended for design and construction professionals, code officials, and facility managers, this session is a step-by-step tutorial on what’s been added, removed, revised, and reorganized in the new 2010 ADA Standards. Topics covered will include important provisions such as “safe harbor” allowances; new information about conventions and tolerances; application and scoping provisions, including new general exceptions; and the new format of the standards. Participants will learn about new or revised requirements related to general site and building elements, accessible routes, plumbing elements, and communication features such as emergency alarm systems and signage.
Sponsor: Disability Access Review Advisory Committee

T14 Hospital High-Rise Fire and Incident Management Scenario (PDF, 1.5 MB)
 Kevin McGovern, St. Vincent Hospital
High-rise firefighting is one of the most complex areas challenging the fire service to date. In a hospital setting with nonambulatory patients and family members wanting to stay with and help their loved ones, this situation becomes more complex and demanding on hospital staff and responding fire companies. Joint training scenarios with first-responding staff and responding fire companies provides many opportunities. Some of those opportunities include reinforcing known policies and procedures, discovering unknown deficiencies, providing an opportunity to test the entire system together, and developing better working relationships.
Sponsor: Health Care Section 

T26 ­NFPA 101 for Health Care — 2000 to 2012 Update and Review (PDF, 3.2 MB)
Presenter(s): James Lathrop, FSFPE, Koffel Associates, Inc. 
This session will provide an overall review of NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, as it applies to health care occupancies. It will provide an overview of the changes most relevant to health care occupancies that have occurred between the 2000 and 2012 editions of the Code. Upcoming potential significant changes for 2015 will also be highlighted.
Sponsor: Health Care Section 

T27 Code Application for Downtown Revitalization Projects (PDF, 208 KB)
Presenter(s): Joseph Versteeg, Versteeg Associates
In the quest to return to the heritage of our downtowns, where vibrant retail, commercial, dining, and living spaces once existed, our urban buildings are the focus of significant revitalization efforts. Through the use of a systematic approach, compliance with the requirements of the Life Safety Code® and applicable building codes governing rehabilitation work and occupancy changes can be achieved in a sympathetic and reasonable manner. This session provides an overview of the requirements and specific case studies, which will benefit designers, code officials, contractors, and developers who need to understand code requirements associated with existing occupancies, renovations or alterations to those existing occupancies, as well as conversions to new occupancies.
Sponsor: Architects, Engineers, & Building Officials Section 

T54 Justification of a Natural Ventilation Smoke Control Design for a Complex Atrium
 Stephen Hill and Steven Whitman, Rolf Jensen and Associates 
This session details the development of a performance-based natural ventilation smoke control strategy for a large Conference Center atrium in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Egress and fire modeling analyses were used to assist the design team in the validation of the smoke control system design, which employed natural ventilation and mechanically forced make-up air in lieu of mechanical exhaust. The design approach corresponds to that permitted by NFPA 92, Standard for Smoke Control Systems, for gravity smoke venting to slow the rate of smoke layer descent for a period that allows occupants to egress from the space. The session will focus on all steps of the performance-based process, from pre-design to submittal of the final recommendations.

T60 ­Get Out Safely Using NFPA’s Emergency Evacuation Planning Guide for People with Disabilities (PDF, 1.5 MB) 
Allan Fraser, NFPA
It doesn’t matter whether it’s a small fire in your apartment, a localized flood, a massive hurricane, or wild fire — all evacuations start the same way, beginning from where you are as an individual towards a safe place. People with disabilities may have more difficulty in navigating the built environment or accessing and processing necessary emergency information, making any and all evacuations more difficult. In March 2007, NFPA published the first step-by-step guide for preparing a personal emergency evacuation plan from any building for people with disabilities. This session will look at developing personal evacuation plans using the “Guide” and how to practice them. Using NFPA’s “Emergency Evacuation Planning Guide for People with Disabilities” is the first step in getting out safely.
Sponsor: Architects, Engineers, & Building Officials Section, Disability Access Review Advisory Committee

T67 ­A Cooperative Approach to Reducing the Risks of Vacant Properties (PDF, 194 KB)
Presenter(s): Laura Volkert, Town of Windsor
This session will help attendees identify the risks inherent to the presence of vacant properties in their community and identify stakeholders within the community that can assist in reducing these risks. We will also discuss how to develop strategic partnerships with these stakeholders, such as building officials, the police department, the health department, the economic development office, and planning and zoning officials as well as property owners and managers. This session will equip attendees with some tools to track and reduce vacant building risks. These tools include utilizing basic Word and Excel tools to track building information. Attendees will be introduced to Codes & Standards that may be used to reduce these risks. This session will be primarily in lecture format utilizing PowerPoint and will include group discussion.
Sponsor: International Fire Marshals Association 

T74 ­Case Study: Abu Dhabi International Airport Midfield Terminal Building (MTB) — Fire Safety Strategy 
Presenter(s): Bassem Khalil and Sami Al Naqbi, and Salem H. Salem, Ministry of Interior; Susan Lamont, ARUP; Samiha Al Nuaimi, Abu Dhabi Airports Company
This session will present the fire safety strategy for the MTB. This iconic building comprises multiple connecting floors under a mega roof structure of 50 m in height. It has a total floor area of 700,000 m2 over six levels. The MTB will host retail, restaurants, and airline facilities for a total capacity of 27 million passengers per year when opened and 40 million passengers per year at project completion. The presenters will describe the performance-based fire strategy, which addresses the connectivity between multiple floors, tall ceiling spaces, and extended travel distances. Evacuation plans and emergency response procedures will also be presented. Throughout the presentation, the importance of close collaboration among the designers, the fire engineer, the client, and the local authority in achieving a safe working building will be discussed.

W02 Evaluating Codes for Non-Fire and Non-Emergency Events (PDF, 740 KB) 
Casey Grant, Fire Protection Research Foundation; Robert Solomon, NFPA
Today’s occupancy-based model Codes & Standards (e.g., NFPA 1, Fire Code; NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®; NFPA 5000®, Building Construction and Safety Code®) contain information that is useful not only in fire-related emergencies but also in non-fire emergencies and even non-emergency situations. A recent literature review by the Fire Protection Research Foundation identified and summarized applicable events that are related to the requirements of several NFPA codes. In addition to emergency events traditionally addressed by the codes, there are non-fire emergencies and non-emergency situations that are applicable despite lack of clarity that these requirements are intended for this purpose. Examples of these are events resulting in injuries and fatalities due to non-fire-related factors such as crowd crush and crowd craze, or design issues such as the railing heights at sports stadia. This session uses a panel discussion to review the overarching philosophical scope issue of several NFPA documents to address non-fire emergencies and non-emergency situations.
Sponsors: Architects, Engineers, & Building Officials Section, Fire Protection Research Foundation   

W14 ­How to Deal with Fire Escapes in the Twenty-First Century (PDF, 14 KB)
 Carl Baldassarra, Rolf Jensen & Associates, Inc.
This session involves a review of the history and use of fire escapes. Although fire escapes are no longer recognized as an acceptable egress component in new construction, there are hundreds of existing buildings in the built environment that have them. This session reviews the history and evolution of the code provisions (both NFPA and legacy model building codes), why incorporating fire escapes in new construction is no longer recognized, how to maintain them, and what is necessary to remove them. Typical project-related issues involve the following: what needs to be done with fire escapes when a building undergoes major renovation; what must be done for proper maintenance; and what is needed to remove fire escapes from an existing building? This is a subject which has not received significant attention in previous NFPA conferences. The session will speak to a number of actual case studies and the presentation will be highly illustrated.
Sponsor: Architects, Engineers, & Building Officials Section

W27 Life Safety and Special Event Emergency Operations Planning
Jon  Evenson and Melissa Meade, Rolf Jensen & Associates, Inc. 
This session will highlight the coordination of a life safety evaluation and Special Event Emergency Operations Plan. The session will include specific examples from a case study for an existing baseball stadium. Based on NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, and NFPA 1, Fire Code, for assembly occupancies, the discussion of the life safety evaluation will include risk analysis, travel distances, occupant load calculations, and required egress capacity. The session will also focus on the importance of a structured approach to managing an emergency response during a special event developed specifically for the baseball stadium. 

W31 Completing a Health Care FSES — What You Need to Know in Order to Execute a Successful Submittal (PDF, 327 KB)
Presenter(s): Anne Guglielmo, The Joint Commission
NFPA 101A, Guide on Alternative Approaches to Life Safety, offers a number of alternative approaches to life safety when used in conjunction with NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®. This session will address what information is necessary to show that alternative compliance is achieved in your facility through the use of NFPA 101A methodology. The Fire Safety Evaluation System (FSES) measuring system and how it compares the level of safety provided through the use of safeguards that differ from the Life Safety Code will be discussed from the perspective of a reviewer. It will use the NFPA 101A score sheets and real world examples of deficient conditions offset by building and system enhancements to achieve a level of safety provided in a building that conforms exactly with the details of the Code.
Sponsor: Health Care Section 

W54 Inspect, Protect, and Collect — Changes to 2013 NFPA 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives (PDF, 2 MB)
Kristin Bigda, NFPA
The 2013 edition of NFPA 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, has been revised with new and valuable information on fire door inspections; documentation of inspections, testing, and maintenance; fire door hardware; fire door inspector criteria; and field modifications to fire doors. This session will highlight the major changes to the 2013 edition of NFPA 80 with special emphasis on inspection, testing, and maintenance of swinging fire doors. Building owners/facility managers, fire door inspectors, and authorities having jurisdiction will all benefit from the up-to-date information on this new edition.
Sponsors: Architects, Engineers, & Building Officials Section, Building Fire Safety Systems Section

W55 Behind the Curtain: Safety Backstage in Live Event Theatrical Productions (PDF, 2.7 MB)
 Eddie Kramer, Eddie Raymond, and Alan Rowe, IATSE
Live Event theatrical productions happen all over the country and local officials may be unfamiliar with the safe practices employed by this industry. This session will familiarize the attendee to the terms, processes, and personnel in the live event theatrical productions. Parts of NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code®, and NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, as well as means of egress, the use of aerial lifts, and specific safety techniques employed by our industry, will be covered. This session is intended to cover basic safety practices that the AHJ should be aware of and will not focus on special activities such as pyrotechnics.

NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)
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