Fire Protection Engineering

M10 ­SR 99 Tunnel Fire and Life Safety Systems Overview (PDF, 590 KB)
Presenter(s): Patty Fordyce, HNTB Corporation 
The SR 99 (Alaskan Way) Tunnel is currently under construction. This design-build project is located in Seattle, Washington, and consists of a single bore tunnel that is 9,200 feet long. The roadways are stacked with an egress corridor and utility spaces to one side and a smoke extraction duct on the other side. Fire and life safety systems are critical to the safe passage of the driving public through the tunnel. These systems include tunnel ventilation, emergency communications, emergency egress, fire suppression, traffic control, power, and lighting. This session will discuss the various systems, criteria that were considered, problems that were identified, and how the problems were resolved.
Sponsor: Society of Fire Protection Engineers 

M21 ­Effect of High Discharge Pressure on Sprinkler Performance (PDF, 352 KB)
Presenter(s): Weston Baker and Bennie Vincent, FM Global 
This session will review a study that investigated the fire suppression performance of quick-response, large K-factor sprinklers for very high-challenge fires. Of specific interest is the performance of these sprinklers at system discharge pressures of 100 psig to 150 psig (6.9 bar to 10 bar).
Sponsor: Society of Fire Protection Engineers 

M31 ­Performance of Smoke Detectors and Sprinklers in Commercial Occupancies (PDF, 995 KB)
Presenter(s): Jim Milke, University of Maryland 
This session will explore the relative role of smoke detectors and sprinklers in commercial, industrial, and educational occupancies. The session will review results from published research reports to identify statistical information that provides insight on the cause of single and multiple deaths from fire for commercial and industrial properties. In addition, the research involved a collaboration with the Center for Campus Fire Safety (CCFS) to analyze data collected in their Campus Fire Data Reporting System (CFDRS), including fire incidents in on- and off-campus housing. The analysis will provide detailed insights into the causes for the fatal and non-fatal casualties.
Sponsors: Building Fire Safety Systems Section, Fire Science and Technology Educators Section, Society of Fire Protection Engineers 

M49 ­Overview of Fire Protection and Life Safety Construction Quality Control (PDF, 1.3 MB) 
Presenter(s):
 M. Steven Welsh, Koffel Associates, Inc.
This session will provide an overview of fire protection and life safety construction quality control (QC), which involves the active on-site monitoring of construction activities. QC is intended to provoke a desired result through the execution of the contract documents, by specifically monitoring, and documenting the contractor’s performance from before the start of their work through completion. The main objective of this presentation is to discuss methodology for completing QC. Full QC is not often performed by fire protection engineers, but is becoming more common, especially on government jobs. This session will provide practical discussion with pictures and real life examples.
Sponsor: Society of Fire Protection Engineers

T13 Sprinkler Technology-Storage (PDF, 1.1 MB)
Presenter(s):
 James Golinveaux, Tyco Fire Protection Products
This session will discuss the challenges and solutions to various unique storage scenarios, as well as the Codes & Standards which dictate protection schemes. This session will also focus on recent updates to current codes and how these changes will affect your business, and specifically, on comparing the process of storage design between the 2010 edition of NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, and the 2011 edition of FM 8-9.
Sponsor: Society of Fire Protection Engineers 

T34 ­What Fire Protection Engineers Should Know About Fire Fighting (PDF, 5 MB)
Presenter(s): 
Chuck Thacker, Grandview Fire Department and Cindy Gier, CMG Fire Protection Engineering Inc.
The NFPA standards are very detailed regarding firefighting and fire protection requirements. Firefighters and Fire Protection Engineers are on the same side. But do they really communicate? The Fire Protection Engineer provides tools for the firefighter to use. However, are they the right tools?
Sponsor: Society of Fire Protection Engineers  

T53 ­From Collaboration to Completion: Building Information Modeling (BIM) for Fire Protection Engineers
Presenter(s):
 Mark Fessenden, Tyco Fire Protection Products; Jim Begley, TERP Consulting; Dana Ploof, Simplex Grinnell
BIM technology is a dynamic and powerful tool for use in all phases of the facilities industry, and interest and acceptance of this technology is growing worldwide. Since the use of BIM is relatively new in the field of fire protection engineering, this session will discuss the challenge of implementation of BIM in the fire protection industry. In this session, representatives from various user groups will discuss how BIM is currently implemented in the fire protection community and how its use needs to evolve. The representatives will include a fire protection engineer, a fire protection contractor, a manufacturer, and an end user. The panel will highlight the benefits and difficulties of implementing BIM in current fire protection design.
Sponsor: Industrial Fire Protection Section, Society of Fire Protection Engineers 

T55 Residential Fire Dynamics
Presenter(s):
Steve Kerber, UL LLC
The residential fire environment has changed over the past 50 years. Components such as home size, floor plan, construction practices, contents, and construction materials have a systematic impact on fire dynamics. This session will explore these changes and provide full-scale experimental data from house fire experiments conducted at UL. The focus will be on how long occupants have to escape and why more than 80% of fatal fires continue to occur in one- or two-family homes.
Sponsor: Research Section, Society of Fire Protection Engineers

W06 Recent Developments in Clean Fire Suppression Agents (PDF, 7 MB)
Presenter(s): Mark Robin, DuPont Chemicals & Fluoroproducts
To date, the development of drop-in replacements for the clean agents Halon 1301 and Halon 1211 has eluded the scientific community, despite over 30 years of intensive investigation by hundreds of researchers worldwide and the screening of thousands of candidate molecules. In this lecture we will describe in detail the development of the halon clean agents and their unique combination of physical, chemical, toxicological and fire suppression characteristics, and will also report the results of recent efforts at DuPont to identify the elusive “Son of Halon.” These efforts include the development of new laboratory scale Class A test methods, and the determination of the physical, chemical, toxicological, environmental and fire suppression characteristics of a new class of clean agents.
Sponsor: Society of Fire Protection Engineers

W07 Fire Performance in Earthquake Damaged Buildings: Overview of Test Program and Preliminary Findings (PDF, 1.1 MB)
Presenter(s):
Jin-Kyung Kim, Haejun Park and Brian Meacham, Worcester Polytechnic Institute
What happens if fire breaks out in a five-story building that has just gone through a 7.9 magnitude earthquake? To find out, a unique collaboration between government, academia, and industry conducted a $5 million test program involving construction of a five-story building on the world’s largest outdoor shake table at UC San Diego, subjecting the building to a range of ground motions, and then conducting live fire tests in various areas of the building. This session will outline the range of building and fire protection systems that were studied, describe the fire test program that was designed and carried out by WPI researchers and their project partners, and present representative data and preliminary findings on fire performance of the building and fire protection systems.
Sponsors: Fire Science and Technology Educators Section, Fire Protection Research Foundation, Research Section, Society of Fire Protection Engineers 

W13 Protecting Vegetable Oil in Consumer Packaging in 40-Foot-High Buildings
Presenter(s): 
John LeBlanc and Seth Sienkiewicz, FM Global
Existing test data provides protection options for cooking oils in consumer size packaging (48 oz) stored both in palletized arrays and for rack storage arrangements within a building 30 ft in height. The protection options cover both ceiling-only designs with K14 quick-response sprinklers as well as designs utilizing in-rack sprinklers. A recent full-scale fire test program was conducted to expand available protection options to ceiling heights up to 40 ft, as well as investigate the use of K25 quick-response sprinklers for the hazard. This session presents the results of the testing program and proposed protection options.
Sponsor: Society of Fire Protection Engineers

W28 Plastic Aerosols: A Unique Path to the Market (PDF, 173 KB)
Presenter(s):
David Fredrickson, Fredrickson & Associates, LLC; John LeBlanc, FM Global
The hazard created by aerosols is well understood and provided in NFPA 30B, Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products. However, that hazard is tied to a product that consists of a propellant and product in a metal aerosol can. The manufacturers of aerosol products are always looking for ways to deliver a better product to their customers, and using a plastic aerosol bottle offers manufacturers some advantages over the metal bottle. However, the fire hazard created by a plastic aerosol was not understood. This session covers the path taken by the U.S. aerosol manufacturers to define the hazards of plastic aerosols, to identify protection options, and to provide guidance in NFPA 30B. Ultimately their goal was to deliver a product to market that is useful and adequately protected in storage.
Sponsor: Industrial Fire Protection Section, Society of Fire Protection Engineers

W56 The Vulcan Initiative — A Web-based Platform for the Next Generation of Performance-Based Fire Protection Engineering
Presenter(s): 
Alberto Alvarez and Brian Meacham, Worcester Polytechnic Institute
A new risk-informed performance-based fire protection (PBFPD) process centered around the evaluation of the overall performance of systems characterized by building types and their occupants has been proposed. A central theme is the need to appropriately link data, tools, and methods in characterizing risk and developing appropriate mitigation. This session introduces a web-based platform, called the Vulcan Initiative, where engineers, researchers, and authorities collaborate, share experiences, and learn from one another, in order to enhance the benefits of the PBFPD approach. Outcomes of the collaboration will ultimately result in PBFPD guidelines and standards for specific types of systems, as well as enhanced knowledge for participants. This session includes interactive dialogue with the audienceattendees on both the new PBFPD process and the web-based platform.
Sponsors: Fire Science and Technology Educators Section, Research Section, Society of Fire Protection Engineers

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