NFPA, March 2017
U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated average of 45,210 home structure fires each year between 2010 and 2014 that involved some type of electrical failure or malfunction as a factor contributing to ignition. These fires resulted in an estimated 420 deaths, 1,370 injuries and $1.4 billion in direct property damage per year. An estimated 16,070 non-home structure fires involving some type of electrical failure or malfunction as a factor contributing to ignition were also reported to U.S. fire departments per year. These fires resulted in an estimated annual average of 12 civilian deaths, 210 civilian injuries, and $614 million in direct property damage.
Electronic Cigarette Explosions and Fires: The 2015 Experience
NFPA, April 2016
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-operated devices that deliver nicotine in a vapor form by heating a solution commonly comprised of propylene glycol, nicotine, and flavoring ingredients. Since entering the U.S. market in 2007, e-cigarettes have attracted a growing supply of consumers, and sales are expected to increase in the years ahead. Safety concerns have been raised by incidents involving e-cigarette fires and explosions.
Electrical Rescue Incidents
NFPA, August 2007
In 2003, municipal fire departments responded to an estimated 2,800 electrical rescue incidents, excluding incidents where fire was present and 8% of these incidents took place at noon. Thirty-five percent of non-fire electrical rescue incidents took place in the home.
Electrical Wiring and Equipment Problem Incidents
NFPA, August 2007
In 2005, municipal fire departments responded to an estimated 339,000 electrical wiring or equipment problem incidents, excluding rescues and incidents where nothing was found or fire was present. A monthly breakdown of the incidents shows that July is the peak month. The peak time of day for these incidents is in the late afternoon and early evening. Thirty-five percent of non-fire electrical wiring or equipment problems occurred in the home and 33% occurred on highways, streets, or in parking areas.
Reports published by the Fire Protection Research Foundation, an independent nonprofit whose mission is to plan, manage and communicate research in support of NFPA
New technologies and electrical safety
Conductors and Wiring
Aging Electrical System Performance
- Symposium on Fire Protection for a Changing World, Proceedings from Munich, Germany, April 18, 2016
- The Next Five Years in Fire and Electrical Safety, Proceedings from Washington D.C., November 13-14, 2013
- Alternative Energy Technologies and Electrical Safety Standards, Proceedings from Atlanta, GA, December 6, 2011