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Home Structure Fires

Report: NFPA's "Home Structure Fires"
Author: Marty Ahrens
Issued: December 2018



Report highlights

  • U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated average of 355,400 home structure fires per year during 2012-2016.  These fires caused an annual average of:
    • 2,560 civilian fire deaths
    • 11,670 civilian fire injuries
    • $6.5 billion in direct property damage.
  • Four of every five (80%) fire deaths and three of every four fire injuries (74%) were caused by home fires.
  • On average, seven people died in U.S. home fires per day.
  • Cooking equipment was the leading cause of home structure fires and home fire injuries and the second leading cause of home fire deaths. Smoking materials were the leading cause of civilian home fire deaths over the period, although this was not true every year.


Leading causes of home structure fires

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