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Fire loss in the United States

Report: NFPA's "Fire Loss in the United States During 2016"
Author: Hylton J.G. Haynes
Issued: September 2017


Key findings

  • Over the last 15 years the total number of fires that local municipal fire departments reported continues to be on a downward trend for a decrease of 23%. Over this same period however the number of structure fires has remained relatively constant.
  • Fires are still fatal. 81% of all fire deaths occur in home fires.
  • In communities with less than 5,000 population, the frequency of fires per thousand population is higher and the rate of civilian fire deaths is significantly worse than in larger communities.
  • Average loss per structure has remained relatively unchanged since 1977 where it was $14,820 and $16,610 in 2016, per structure in 2016 dollars.
  • In 2016, 64% of fire department responses were medical aid (ambulance, EMS, rescue) responses. 


Fires in the U.S. during 2016 by type
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