Fire Protection Research Foundation report: "Fire Safety Challenges of Tall Wood Buildings - Phase 2: Task 1 - Literature Review"
Authors: Daniel Brandon and Birgit Östman, SP Technical research Institute of Sweden
Date of issue: September 2016
Recent architectural trends include the design and construction of increasingly tall buildings with structural components comprised of engineered wood referred to by names including; cross laminated timber (CLT), laminated veneer lumber (LVL), or glued laminated timber (Glulam). These buildings are cited for their advantages in sustainability resulting from the use of wood as a renewable construction material. Previous research has shown that timber elements contribute to the fuel load in buildings and can increase the initial fire growth rate – potentially overwhelming fire protection system and creating more severe conditions for occupants, emergency responders, and nearby properties.
The overarching goal of this project Fire Safety Challenges of Tall Wood Buildings Phase 2 is to quantify the contribution of CLT building elements (wall and/or floor-ceiling assemblies) in compartment fires and provide data to allow comparison of the performance of CLT systems against other building systems commonly used in tall buildings.