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Home Structure Fires

Report: NFPA's "Home Structure Fires"
Author: Shelby Hall
Issued: April 2023



Report highlights

  • More than one-quarter (26%) of reported fires in 2016-2020 occurred in homes. In addition, three-quarters (75%) of civilian fire deaths and almost three-quarters (74%) of the reported injuries were caused by home fires.
  • During this five-year period, US fire departments responded to an estimated average of 343,100 home structure fires per year. These fires caused an annual average of 2,610 civilian deaths; 11,090 civilian fire injuries; and $7.6 billion in direct property damage.
  • Most home fires and fire casualties result from five causes: cooking, heating, electrical distribution and lighting equipment, intentional fire setting, and smoking materials.
  • Over the five-year period of 2016–2020 as a whole, cooking was the leading cause of home fires and home fire injuries, while smoking was the leading cause of home fire deaths.


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