Fire Protection Research Foundation report: “Audible Alarm Signal Waking Effectiveness: Literature Review"
Author: Joshua B. Dinaburg Jensen Hughes Baltimore, MD
Date of issue: March 2020
This report documents a comprehensive analysis undertaken on waking effectiveness of smoke alarms to determine an acceptable reduction in the sound pressure for low-frequency sounders that still provides superior waking effectiveness over high-frequency sounders.
Download the report.
You can also read a one-page summary of this report. (PDF)
© National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2021