Fire Protection Research Foundation report: "Smoke Alarm Nuisance Source Characterization - Phase 1" (PDF)
Author: Joshua Dinaburg and Daniel Gottuk, Ph.D., Hughes Associates
Date of issue: March 2014
During the revision cycle for the 2010 edition of NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, the Technical Committee on Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms and Household Fire Alarm Systems (SIG-HOU) focused renewed attention on nuisance alarms. Based on the information in the NFPA report "Smoke Alarms in U.S. Home Fires" authored by Marty Ahrens, during the development of the 2013 edition of NFPA 72 the SIG-HOU Technical Committee added several new provisions to Chapter 29 to further reduce nuisance alarms. At present there is a lack of characterization of common nuisance sources for the development of new performance test protocols. Accordingly, the Foundation initiated a project to work toward characterizing common nuisance sources for the development of new test protocols to meet the NFPA 72 requirements. This Phase 1 project involved a literature review, gap analysis, and development of a research plan for Phase 2.