Firefighter deaths by cause and nature of injury

 

Cause of Injury

Fatalities

Percentage

Overexertion/stress/medical

28

44%

Crashes 12 19%
Structural collapse 6 9%
Rapid fire progress 5 8%

Struck by vehicle

3

5%

Struck by object

3

5%

Fell
2 3%
Exposure 2 3%
Lost inside 1 2%
Caught under water 1 2%
Assault 1 2%

Total

64

100%

Nature of Injury

Fatalities

Percentage

Sudden cardiac death

25

39%

Internal trauma and crushing

23

36%

Asphyxia, including smoke inhalation 6 9%

Burns

3

5%

Unspecified medical 2 3%
Gunshot 1 2%
Drug overdose 1 2%

Drowning

1

2%

Asthma 1 2%
Pneumonia 1 2%

Total

64

100%

Source: Firefighter Fatalities in the United States, Rita F. Fahy and Joseph L. Molis, NFPA, June 2019 and previous reports in the series.

Updated 6/19