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Firefighter Injuries on the Fireground

Report: NFPA's "Firefighter Injuries on the Fireground"
Author: Richard Campbell
Issued: October 2022

Report highlights

  • In 2016-2020, there were an estimated average of 23,610 fireground injuries experienced each year by U.S. firefighters.
  • The majority of firefighter injuries were sustained by career firefighters (83% of the total), with volunteer firefighters experiencing 17 percent of injuries. Female firefighters accounted for just four percent of injuries.
  • Exposure to hazards and overexertion or strain were the two leading causes of injury, together accounting for nearly three in five injuries (56 percent).Other leading causes of injury were slip/trip, contact with object, fall and struck or assaulted.
  • Structure fires were associated with the largest share of firefighter injuries (83 percent).
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