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Firefighter Injuries on the Fireground

Report: NFPA's "Firefighter Injuries on the Fireground"
Author: Richard Campbell
Issued: October 2021

Report highlights

  • United States firefighters experienced an average of 24,950 non-fatal injuries on the fireground each year from 2015 through 2019.  
  • Injuries caused by exposure to a hazard (such as heat, smoke, or toxic agents) and overexertion or strain together accounted for nearly half of the injuries. 
  • Three in ten fireground injuries (30 percent) resulted in lost work time, while just under two in five injuries (39 percent) were report only and did not result in lost work time.
  • The majority of firefighter injuries were sustained by career firefighters (83% of the total), with volunteer firefighters experiencing 17 percent of injuries. Female firefighters accounted for four percent of injuries.
  • Structure fires were associated with the largest share of firefighter injuries (83 percent).
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