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Catastrophic multiple-death fires

Report: NFPA's "Catastrophic Multiple-Death Fires in 2020"
Author: Stephen G. Badger
Issued: November 2021


Report highlights
  • Sixteen catastrophic multiple-death fires in 2020 resulted in 90 deaths.
  • The deadliest fire in 2020 was a wildfire-urban interface fire in California that killed 16 people.
  • The deadliest structure fire in 2020 was a home fire, in Mississippi, that resulted in seven deaths. Two of the victims were under the age of six.
  • Four of the fires were in single-family homes, resulting in 24 deaths, with seven of the victims under age six.
  • Three of the fires were in non-home structures, resulting in 11 deaths. 
  • In 2020, there were nine catastrophic non-structure fires, including five wildfires and four vehicle fires, which accounted for 55 deaths One of the victims was a child under the age of six. 
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