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Fire loss in the United States

Report: NFPA's "Fire Loss in the United States During 2019"
Author: Marty Ahrens and Ben Evarts
Issued: September 2020


Key findings

  • Local fire departments responded to 1,291,500 fires in 2019. These fires caused roughly 3,700 civilian deaths, 16,600 civilian injuries and $14.8 billion in property damage
  • Every 24 seconds, a fire department in the United States responds to a fire somewhere in the nation. A fire occurs in a structure at the rate of one every 65 seconds, and a home fire occurs every 93 seconds. 
  • Seventy-five percent of all fire deaths and 73 percent of all injuries were caused by home fires.
  • Sixty-five percent of all fire deaths resulted from fires in one- or two-family homes and 10 percent were caused by fires in apartments or other multi-family housing.
  • Seventeen percent of fire deaths were caused by vehicle fires


Fire incidents by type 1980-2020  
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