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Fire loss in the United States

Report: NFPA's "Fire Loss in the United States During 2017"
Author: Ben Evarts
Issued: September 2018


Key findings

  • Public fire departments responded to 1,319,500 fires in 2017, a slight decrease of 2% from the previous year.
  • Every 24 seconds, a fire department in the United States responds to a fire somewhere in the nation. A fire occurs in a structure at the rate of one every 63 seconds, and a home fire occurs every 88 seconds. 
  • Seventy-seven percent of all fire deaths occurred in the home, a decrease of 4% compared to 2016.
  • Home fires were responsible for 10,600 civilian injuries, or 72% of all civilian injuries, in 2017.
  • An estimated $23 billion in property damage occurred as a result of fire in 2017, a large increase, as this number includes a $10 billion loss in wildfires in Northern California.
  • An estimated 22,500 structure fires were intentionally set in 2017, an increase of 13% over the year before.


Fires in the U.S. during 2017 by type