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Home fires involving heating equipment

Report: NFPA's "Home Fires Involving Heating Equipment"
Author: Richard Campbell
Issued: December 2017


Report highlights

  • Heating equipment fires accounted for 15% of all reported home fires in 2011-2015 (second behind cooking) and 19% of home fire deaths.
  • Space heaters are the type of equipment most often involved in home heating equipment fires, figuring in just over two of every five fires (43%). Significantly, the fires involving space heaters accounted for 85% of the civilian deaths and 78% of civilian injuries in home fires caused by heating equipment, as well as over half (53%) of direct property damage.
  • The leading factor contributing to ignition for home heating fire deaths (53%) was heating equipment too close to things that can burn, such as upholstered furniture, clothing, mattress, or bedding.
  • The leading factor contributing to home heating fires (28%) was failure to clean, principally from solid-fueled heating equipment, primarily chimneys.
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