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Large-loss fires in the United States

Report: NFPA's "Large-Loss Fires in the United States"
AuthorStephen G. Badger
Issued: November 2017


*Errata issued December 7, 2017. Download the errata. (PDF) 

Report highlights

  • In 2016, 25 fires in the United States resulted in losses of at least $10 million each, for a cumulative total of $1.4 billion in direct property losses.  These fires accounted for 14 civilian deaths, 183 civilian injuries and eight firefighter injuries.

  • The largest fire in terms of direct property loss was the Chimney Tops 2 Fire, in Tennessee, with a loss of $911 million.  The second largest was the Clayton Fire, a California wildfire that resulted in $175 million in damage.

  • Of the 25 large-loss fires in 2016, 22 involved structures and resulted in a total property loss of $348.6 million. The other fires included the two Wildland Urban Interface fires and one vehicle fire (a towboat) that resulted in combined losses of $1.1 billion. 

Related information
Older versions of the report

Large Loss by Major Property Use - 2016

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