Report: NFPA's "Home Structure Fires"
Author: Marty Ahrens
Issued: September 2017
*Errata issued July 16, 2018. Download the errata. (PDF)
- U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated average of 358,500 home structure fires per year during 2011-2015, which represents three-quarters of all structure fires.
- Home fires caused an annual average of
- 2,510 civilian fire deaths, or 93% of all civilian structure fire deaths,
- 12,300 civilian fire injuries, or 87% of all civilian structure fire injuries, and
- $6.7 billion in direct damage, or 68% of total direct damage in structure fires.
- On average, seven people died in U.S. home fires per day.
- Cooking equipment was the leading cause of home structure fires and home fire injuries and the second leading cause of home fire deaths.
- Smoking was the leading cause of civilian home fire deaths. Heating equipment was the second most common cause of home fires and fire injuries and the third leading cause of fire deaths.
- While the number of home fire deaths has been cut roughly in half since 1980, the rate of deaths per 1,000 reported home fires was actually 10% higher than in 1980. More progress has been made in preventing fires than in preventing death in a reported fire.
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