Photo credit: Tom Lia at the Chicago Public Fire Safety Education Summit
What is Community Risk Reduction (CRR)?
As defined in NFPA 1300, Standard on Community Risk Assessment and Community Risk Reduction Plan Development, CRR is a process to identify and prioritize local risks, followed by the integrated and strategic investment of resources to reduce their occurrence and impact. In other words, it is a process to help communities find out what their risks are and develop a plan to reduce the risks viewed as high priority. The steps involved in the CRR are conducting a Community Risk Assessment (CRA), developing a CRR plan, implementing the plan, and evaluating the plan.
The CRA is a comprehensive evaluation that identifies, prioritizes, and defines the risks that pertain to the overall community. It is a critical first step in the CRR process and results in a full understanding of the community's unique risks, capabilities, and characteristics. For more information on CRR and CRA view the full standard or download our free CRR fact sheet. (PDF)
Apply Today! NFPA is seeking new fire departments to join our CRA pilot project.
Photo courtesy of Witchita Fire Department
Community Risk Assessment (CRA) is the critical first step of the CRR process. We know that while data is key in helping communities understand true risks, putting it to use can be challenging. NFPA is engaged in a pilot project to develop and test digital tools designed to help fire departments and their local partners crunch the numbers and tell their unique data stories.
NFPA is building customized CRA dashboards, powered by mySidewalk, an innovative Community Intelligence Platform. NFPA 1300 provides the foundation for the user-friendly CRA dashboards and includes maps, graphs, and other visualizations to illustrate local indicators. Community leaders can use the tool to:
- Learn about the people, places, and conditions that impact safety and risk.
- Activate teams to develop CRR plans informed by data.
- Communicate findings with stakeholders, grantors, and partners.
- Drive effective and impactful program development in the prevention space.
We need your help! Over the past year, 50 communities participated in first phase of this project. Now, we are ready to test the NEXT GENERATION of our CRA dashboards and further explore how we can help communities implement effective CRR.
250 U.S. fire departments will be selected to participate in the project that will run through June of 2021. Applicants who are selected will receive free access to a customized CRA dashboard in return for feedback about the tool. We will begin selecting participants on November 9 and will continue, on a rolling basis, until all seats in the project are filled. The application will close on December 16. Applicants will receive notification by December 21 about the status of their application.
Participant departments must be willing & able to appoint a liaison team who will serve as the primary dashboard users and contacts to NFPA during the pilot. Collectively, the liaison team should:
- have basic knowledge about fire department data
- be connected to the community risk reduction efforts in the department / community
- be willing to use the tool as part of a larger community risk reduction plan
- provide written feedback to the NFPA CRR team for the purposes of tool improvement
- be able to participate in up to 3 virtual feedback sessions
- be able to meet additional data requirements, if interested in Dashboard B
- be granted authority to serve in this role
THE LOCAL LIAISON TEAM
Preferably, the liaison team will comprise a total of 3 individuals:
The chief of the fire department who is accountable for pilot participation along with:
- A fire department member who is responsible for the pilot participation and
- A community partner (encouraged!) or a third fire department member who contributes to the pilot participation.
For departments who are selected to participate in the pilot project, NFPA will:
- provide free access to their customized NFPA CRA digital dashboard for 3 months.
- offer rich networking opportunities with other pilot participants and NFPA experts.
- extend invitations to professional development opportunities to support Community Risk Reduction efforts.
- provide continued access to the NFPA Community Risk Reduction Strategists.
THE STORY OF TWO DASHBOARDS
During Phase 1 of our pilot, we learned that communities have different needs. To meet communities where they are in the CRA process, we expanded our project and are now testing two versions of the dashboard. Both Dashboard A & B will deliver an interactive web-based data visualization experience customized with local community data.
This customized dashboard provides data visualizations to help users explore all nine CRA profiles described in NFPA 1300 and additional core issues. The dashboard contains links to additional resources to support CRR efforts. This dashboard may be a great fit for communities who are looking to implement broad community risk reduction but who aren’t quite ready to share fire department incident data. This dashboard is useful in formalizing a community risk assessment, writing grants, and driving partnerships with new local entities.
This dashboard includes the features of Dashboard A as well as additional visualizations that illustrate the incidents to which the local fire department responds. This dashboard may be preferred by participants who are confident about the quality of their fire department incident data and would like to use these data as the steppingstone into a rich CRR journey.
Dashboard B requires participants to share 3 full years of local fire department incident data, shape files, and station points to support the dashboard build. View the specific data requirements. (PDF)
Unsure which dashboard is the best fit for you? We can help. Please reach out to us.
Please refer to the FAQs for more information.
RESPONSE TO COVID-19
Community Risk Reduction resources
What Do We Know? Marty Ahrens, NFPA (PDF)
This presentation provides an overview of fire department responses, home structure fires, other types of fire department calls, leading causes of fatal and non-fatal injuries, and a brief introduction to RE-Aim evaluation framework.
Door Messaging Strategies & Smoke Alarm Waking Effectiveness, Victoria Hutchison, Fire Protection Research Foundation (PDF)
This presentation provides an overview of research conducted to analyze the impact of door position on home escape.
Two Years Immersed in CRR: Research Findings, Chelsea Rubadou, NFPA (PDF)
This presentation shares key findings from an NFPA listening tour designed to actively assess the landscape of Community Risk Reduction across the United States.
Podcast - NFPA Community Risk Reduction Strategist Chelsea Rubadou talks with CRR Radio about the new standard, NFPA 1300
NFPA Journal® article - Got Risk? The short answer is yes, you do. But the data-driven insights generated by the Community Risk Reduction process can help you identify, prioritize, and minimize the hazards that keep you awake at night, May/June 2019.
News release - NFPA and mySidewalk to develop Community Risk Assessment tool
Contact us at CRR@nfpa.org.