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How to become a Firewise USA® site


Since 2002, The Firewise USA® program has empowered neighbors to work together in reducing their wildfire risk. 

People doing yard work
NFPA photo – with funding from USDA Forest Service


The Firewise USA® program provides a collaborative framework for neighbors to reduce wildfire risks at the local level. The national recognition program’s annual criteria is designed to empower and engage residents living in wildfire prone areas with a plan and actions that can increase their home’s chances of surviving a wildfire, while also making it safer for firefighters.

Becoming a nationally recognized Firewise USA® site requires completion of the criteria detailed below, along with annual renewal requirements. A printable version of the criteria is also available in English (PDF) and Spanish (PDF)

Questions? Contact the Firewise® team.



Wildfire Risk Assessment

Obtaining a written wildfire risk assessment from your state forestry agency or fire department is the first step in becoming a nationally recognized Firewise USA® site. Contact your state’s designated Firewise® Liaison for information on your state’s requirements for developing the risk assessment. This component is an important piece of the application process that will help identify and guide your priorities and activities. The risk assessment will be the board/committee’s primary tool in determining the risk reduction priorities within your site’s boundaries. Assessments need to be updated every five years. 

This template (PDF) is a tool to assist state forestry agencies, their partners, and residents interested in participating in the Firewise USA® recognition program in completing their Community Wildfire Risk Assessment. Before starting this assessment, please contact your state liaison to see if your state has its own template or special requirements.  


Form a board/committee that’s comprised of residents and other applicable wildfire stakeholders. Consider inviting the local fire department, state forestry agency, elected officials, emergency manager, and if applicable the property management company to participate. This group will collaborate on developing the site’s risk reduction priorities, develop a multi-year action plan based on the risk assessment and oversee the completion of the annual renewal requirements needed to retain an “in good standing” status.

Action Plan

Action plans are a prioritized list of risk reduction projects/investments for the participating site, along with suggested homeowner actions and education activities that participants will strive to complete annually, or over a period of multiple years. Action plans are developed by the board/committee and need updating at least every three years.

Educational Outreach

Each participating site is required to have a minimum of one wildfire risk reduction educational outreach event, or related activity annually. Visit the program’s portal to get ideas and suggestions for planning a successful educational outreach activity for your residents.

Wildfire Risk Reduction Investment

At a minimum, each site is required to annually invest the equivalent of one volunteer hour valued at $24.14 (the rate is based on the 2017 annual National Hourly Volunteer Rate; which is updated every year) per dwelling unit* in wildfire risk reduction actions. Find a wide range of qualifying expenditures (contractor costs, rental equipment), volunteer activities, grants, etc., that can be used in meeting the investment in the portal’s Risk Reduction Investment section. Residents completing select home modifications, along with any qualifying work performed at their home and in the adjacent home ignition zones can contribute related hours and/or costs towards meeting the sites collective investment amount. See some examples. (PDF)

*Calculating the number of dwelling units for use with the risk reduction investment formula: There must be a minimum of 8 individual single family dwelling units within the site’s identified boundary. The number of dwelling units within the site applying for recognition must be included in the application. For definition purposes, a dwelling unit is a household/residence built for occupancy by one person, a family, or roommates, including mobile homes and cabins; and for multi-family residential occupancies (i.e. duplexes, and other types of attached housing). An apartment building with 10 units would be considered ten dwelling units. Each individual participating site is limited to less than 2,500 individual dwelling units within their identified boundary. Multiple sites can be located within a single large master-planned community/HOA. The Firewise USA® program is designed for residential occupancies where residents actively participate in reducing the wildfire risk where they live; it is not a program for every occupancy type, or an entire town, city or county. Contact NFPA if you have questions about your area’s eligibility.


You may start an application at any point in the overall process by creating a site profile in the Firewise USA® portal. Once all the criteria has been completed, the electronic application can be submitted. State liaisons will approve applications, with final processing completed by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).

Please note: Individual states can request additional application requirements.



Number of active Firewise USA® sites by state

Reference our interactive map to see all active Firewise USA® sites.

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