Historical anti-sprinkler legislation

2015 Anti-Sprinkler Legislation

Minnesota

Number: Senate Bill 888 
Abstract: Amendment states that the state building code, state fire code, or a political subdivision of the state by code, by ordinance, or in any other way, must not require the installation of fire sprinklers. 
Status: The Minnesota Court of Appeals overturned a state requirement in October 2015 that required fire sprinklers in homes greater than 4,500 square feet. The State Supreme Court decided in 2016 not to review the lower court's decision. 


Tennessee

Number: TN [R] HB 787
Sponsor: Rep. Ryan Williams
Abstract:
As introduced, prohibits the requirement of fire sprinkler systems for townhouses by any local or statewide adopted building codes.
Status: Visit the Tennessee General Assembly site for updates on this bill

Number: TN [R] SB 474
Sponsor: Sen. Mike Bell
Abstract: As introduced, prohibits the requirement of fire sprinkler systems for townhouses by any local or statewide adopted building codes.
Status: Visit the Tennessee General Assembly site for updates to this bill


Nevada

Number: Senate Bill 477
Abstract: Revises provisions governing the installation of automatic fire sprinkler systems in certain, single-family residences.
Status: Visit the Nevada Legislature site for updates to this bill

 

2013 Anti-Sprinkler Legislation

Minnesota

Number: H.F. No. 499: Prohibits sprinkler requirements in single family dwellings.
Sponsor: Representative David FitzSimmons
Status: Assigned to the Commerce and Consumer Protection Finance and Policy Committee.

 

Number: S.F. No. 1607: Prohibits jurisdictions from requiring fire sprinklers in single family homes.
Sponsor: Senator David J. Tomassoni (DFL) District 06
Status: Anti-sprinkler language Introduced as an amendment by Sen. Senjem. April 19, 2013: Passed by the Senate. April 20, 2013: Moved to House and assigned to Ways and Means Committee


South Dakota

Number: SB93: Prohibits jurisdictions from requiring fire sprinklers in single family homes.
Sponsor: Senator Mark Kirkeby
Status: Hearing scheduled for January 28, 2013. January 30, 2013: Tabled by Local Government Committee. Bill dies in Committee.

 

2012 Anti-Sprinkler Legislation

Colorado

Number: SB12-081: Prohibits local jurisdictions from requiring installation of automatic fire sprinklers in single family dwellings.
Sponsor: Kevin Grantham, District 2
Status: Defeated in committee.


Hawaii

Number: SB2397: Prohibits local jurisdictions from requiring installation or retrofitting of automatic fire sprinklers in new or existing one- or two‑family dwelling units used only for residential purposes. Amended to allow requirements for water supply or access. Effective Jan. 1, 2025. Amended effective date to Jan. 1, 2050 with a five-year sunset provision.
Sponsor: Will Espero, 20th Senate District
Status: Referred to Public Safety, Government Operations, Military Affairs (PGM) and to Water Land and Housing (WLH) Committees. PGM Committee passed with amendments. Referred amended version to WLH for consideration. Passed by WLH Committee. Passed by Senate. Moved to House and passed by committee on 3/14/12. Moved to Finance Committee on 3/23/12. Passed by the FIN Committee on 4/3/12. Passed by the House on 4/10/12. Sent to Senate. Passed by Senate and engrossed to governor on 4/27/12.

Number: HB1795: Prohibits local jurisdictions from requiring installation or retrofitting of automatic fire sprinklers in new or existing one- or two‑family dwelling units used only for residential purposes.
Sponsor: Rida Cabanilla, House District 42
Status: Referred to Housing (HSG), Public Safety and Military Affairs (PBM), and Judiciary (JUD) Committees.


Illinois

Number: HB5847: Prohibits local jurisdictions from requiring installation of automatic fire sprinklers in single family dwellings. Requires mandatory option.
Sponsor: Michael Unis, 91st District
Status: Referred to Rules Committee.


Minnesota

Number: SF1717: Prohibits local jurisdictions from requiring installation of automatic fire sprinklers in single family dwellings.
Sponsor: Jeremy R. Miller (R), District 31
Status: Passed by Senate on 3/28/12. Moved to House. Second reading in the House on 3/29/12. House sponsor LeMieur did not accept the amendment prohibiting fire sprinklers. Bill was postponed indefinitely on 3/29. Sprinkler prohibition amendment removed by the House. Fire sprinkler prohibition died in the House. Senate refuses to concur. House accedes and referred to Conference Committee on 4/20. Conferees agree to place prohibition language back on bill. Bill passed by both chambers. Engrossed to governor. Governor vetoes the bill on 5/3/12.

Number: SF1653: Prohibits local jurisdictions from requiring installation of automatic fire sprinklers in single family dwellings.
Sponsor: John C Pederson (R) District 15
Status: Sprinkler prohibition introduced as floor amendment on 4/18. Passed and sent to the House on 4/18. Referred to House Ways and Means Committee.


Oklahoma

Number: HB2659: Prohibits local jurisdictions from requiring installation or retrofitting of automatic fire sprinklers in one- or two-family dwellings.
Sponsor: Fred Jordan (R), District 69
Status: Introduced as a floor amendment in the House. Passed by full House. First reading in Senate 3/6/12. Second reading and assigned to Business and Commerce Committee 3/8/12. Passed by the Business and Commerce Committee 4/2/12. Sent to the full Senate for a vote. No hearing date information available. Passed by Senate on 4/23/12, sent to House for engrossment. House rejects Senate amendment removing sprinkler prohibition. Assigned to Conference Committee. Conference committee upholds Senate amendment; sprinkler prohibition fails.


New York

Number: S7052: Prohibits the state fire prevention and building code council from requiring installation of automatic sprinkler systems in one- and two-family dwellings.
Sponsor: Catharine Young, District 57
Status: Referred to Finance Committee on 4/26/12.


Tennessee

Number: HB2639: Prohibits sprinkler requirements in local building codes in one-family and two-family dwellings. Amended to remove prohibition; makes jurisdictions hold two special hearings and 2/3 majority vote to adopt.
Sponsor: Eric Watson
Status:  Referred to Commerce Subcommittee. Hearing date set for 2/22/12. Heard on 2/29/12 and postponed for action until next hearing on 3/7/12. Passed by subcommittee as amended.

Number: SB2492: Prohibits sprinkler requirements in local building codes in one-family and two-family dwellings. Amended to remove prohibition; makes jurisdictions hold two special hearings and 2/3 majority vote to adopt requirement.
Sponsor: Jim Tracy
Status: Referred to Commerce, Labor, and Agriculture Committee. Hearing in Senate committee scheduled for 3/20/12. Passed by Senate Committee as amended on 3/27/12. Passed by Senate on 4/9/12. Sent to Governor for action on 4/18/12. Signed by governor on 4/27/12.

 

2011 Anti-Sprinkler Legislation

Alaska

Number: HB130: Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting mandatory fire sprinkler requirements. Home rule and general law municipalities may adopt with hearings.
Status: Referred to Community Affairs Committee. Moved to Rules Committee. Passed. Sent to Governor. Signed by Governor.


Arizona

Number: HB2153: Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting mandatory fire sprinkler requirements.
Status: Referred to Committees: Military Affairs and Public Safety (MAPS), GOV RULES. Passed out of GOV committee. Passed by House, referred to Senate. Passed by Senate. Signed by Governor.

Number: SB1374: Companion bill to HB 2153. Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting mandatory fire sprinkler requirements.
Status: In Senate Government Reform Committee. Companion bill to HB2153 which has been enacted. 


California

Number: SB726: Allow counties to "opt out" of the one-family home fire sprinkler requirement in the adopted CA Code until 2014.
Status: First read. Assigned to Senate Transportation and Housing Committee. Moved to a two- year bill, sponsor not pursuing at this time.


Connecticut

Number: SB487: Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting stricter standards than the State Building Code. (Adopted code excludes sprinklers in one- and two- family dwellings)
Status: Referred to Joint Committee on Planning and Development. Heard in Committee. Moved forward with favorable recommendation. Referred to Office of Legislative Research and Office of Fiscal Analysis. Moved out of committee with favorable recommendation. Amended by Senate and tabled for the calendar. Died without action.


Kansas

Number: HB2088: Removes sunset and prohibits any municipality from requiring "the installation of a multi-purpose residential fire protection system in any residential structure as a condition for consideration or approval of any building permit or plan".
Status: Passed. Referred to Senate Local Government Committee. Senate committee non-concurred with amendments. Conference Committee appointed. Sent to Senate as amended. Passed by House. Senate companion bill SB 101 passed as amended and signed by governor.

Number: SB101: Companion bill amended by House.
Status: Sent to Senate as amended. Senate concurs with amendments. Passed by Senate. Signed by Governor.


Minnesota

Number: HF460: Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting mandatory fire sprinkler requirements for single family homes.
Status: Passed out of the house Committee. Passed by House, sent to Senate. Passed by Senate, sent to Governor. Successful veto by Governor.

Number: SF297: Companion bill to HF460.
Status: Referred to Judiciary and Public Safety Committee.


Mississippi

Number: SB2997: Prohibits state building code from requiring mandatory installation of fire sprinkler systems in one- and two-family dwellings. Committee substitute allows local jurisdiction adoption.
Status: Passed by House. Referred to Senate. Amended and passed by Senate. Sent back to House. Amended and passed by House. Sent back to Senate. Died on calendar.

Number: HB1385: Revises authority of Building Code Council. Prohibits state Building Code from requiring mandatory installation of fire sprinkler systems in one- and two- family dwellings. Committee substitute allows local jurisdiction adoption.
Status: Passed by House. Sent to Senate. Passed as amended. Signed by Governor.


Missouri

Number: HB90: Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting mandatory fire sprinkler requirements. 
Status: Second read complete. Public hearing completed. Passed by House. Referred to Senate. Withdrawn.

Number: HB46: Amended to extend mandatory option provision to December 2019.
Status: Second read complete. Passed by House. Referred to Senate.

Number: SB108: Companion bill to HB46.
Status: Heard in Committee. Amended by Committee, pending. Passed by Senate. Signed by Governor.


Montana

Number: HB307: Prohibits state building code from requiring mandatory installation of fire sprinkler systems in one- and two-family dwellings. Sent back by Governor with amendment to allow local jurisdictions to adopt.
Status: Passed by the House. Referred to the Senate. Passed by Senate. Enrolling in final preparation process. Governor returned with amendment. Legislative body opposed amendment and sent back to governor. Successful veto by Governor.


Nebraska

Number: LB546: Removes home fire sprinkler requirements from 2009 IRC adoption. Amended to allow local option.
Status: Heard in Committee. Moved out of committee and was heard on Senate floor. Enrolled as amended.


Nevada

Number: SB327: Effective July 2011. Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting a building code that requires sprinklers in one- and two- family dwellings.
Status: Referred to Committee on Government Affairs. Heard on committee, workshop assigned. Bill died in committee


New Hampshire

Number: SB91: Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting mandatory fire sprinkler requirements. 
Status: Moved out of committee for a full Senate vote. Passed by Senate and referred to House. House amendment assigned to Committee on Public and Municipal Affairs. Moved out of committee with favorable recommendation. Passed by Senate. Sent to Governor. Vetoed by Governor.

Number: HB0109: Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting mandatory fire sprinkler requirements.
Status: Passed by House with amendment. Sent to Senate. Senate concurred, sent to Governor.


New Mexico

Number: HB167: Prohibits any jurisdiction from adopting mandatory fire sprinkler requirements.
Status: Moved out of committee for a full Senate vote. Passed by Senate. Passed by House and Senate as amended. Sent to Governor. Signed by Governor.

Number: SB201: Prohibits local jurisdictions from requiring mandatory installation of fire sprinkler systems in one- and two-family dwellings and other structures that are not more than three stories in height.
Status: Moved out of Committee for full Senate vote. Passed by Senate. Passed by House and Senate as amended. Sent to governor. Pocket veto.


Pennsylvania

Number: HB377: Prohibits state Building Code from requiring mandatory installation of fire sprinkler systems in one- and two-family dwellings and replaces it with mandatory option. Passed by Senate. Signed by Governor.
Status: Referred to Committee on Labor and Industry. Passed by Committee, moved forward for full house vote. Passed by the House, moved to the Senate.

Number: SB752: Prohibits state Building Code from requiring mandatory installation of fire sprinkler systems in one- and two-family dwellings and replaces it with mandatory option.
Status: Introduced on March 8. Referred to Committee on Labor and Industry. Concurrent bill to HB377 (see above)

Number: HB725: Prohibits state Building Code from requiring mandatory installation of fire sprinkler systems in one- and two- family dwellings and replaces it with mandatory option.
Status: Referred to Committee on Labor and Industry. Withdrawn, duplicate bill.

 

2010 Anti-Sprinkler Legislation

Alaska

Number: SB129: Companion bill HB 202. Prohibits any municipality from requiring fire sprinklers in one- and two-family homes.
Status: HB202 amended to require public hearings before a municipality can adopt home fire sprinkler requirements. Bill died without action in House and Senate.


Alabama

Number: HB264: Prohibits any entity from requiring fire sprinklers in one- and two-family homes.
Status: Amended to remove Code Board's "advisory status" to "sole authority" with regards to adoption, implementation, and revision of the code. Committee substitute for HB264 adopts the 2006 edition of the IRC and prohibits communities from adopting home fire sprinkler requirements. Passed and signed by governor.

Number: HB97: Companion bill SB125. Fire protection sprinkler systems, not required in single-story buildings meeting certain requirements.
Status: Died in committee.


Arkansas
Number: HB1839: Prohibits requirement in one and two family homes.
Status: Died without passage.
Florida

Number: SB846: Prohibits inclusion of one- and two-family sprinkler provisions in building code. HB7095: Companion bill.
Status: Passed and signed by governor.


Georgia

Number: HB 1196: Prohibits inclusion of one- and two-family sprinkler provisions in building code.
Status: Passed and signed by governor.


Idaho

Number: S1299: Excludes inclusion of one- and two-family sprinkler provisions from building code (pg. 14, line 42-48)
Status: Passed and signed by governor.


Iowa

Number: SF 2051: House companion bill HF2108 and HF2062. HF 2508 replaced HF 2062 on Feb. 22 and is amended to allow "opt in" by local communities. Died in committee.
Status: Language prohibiting home fire sprinkler provisions included in HF2531. Concurrent resolution nullifies the home fire sprinkler requirement from the administrative rules but SFM/CBO and local jurisdictions retain authority to promulgate home fire sprinkler requirement.


Kansas

Number: HB2515: Prohibits locals from adopting residential sprinkler provisions.
Status: Failed House vote.

Number: SB573: Introduced on 3/11.
Status: Died in committee. Reintroduced as amendment attached to HB2472. Conference committee amended the bill to place a moratorium on the requirement until July 1, 2011 and established a task force to explore issue and report back to the legislature by July 1, 2011.


Louisiana

Number: House Concurrent Resolution #145 requests the state fire marshal to study and report the feasibility of requiring sprinkler systems in residential homes. HB206: HB206 prohibits adoption of fire sprinklers in one-and two-family dwellings.
Status: Passed and sent to governor.


Mississippi
Number: SB2079: Prohibits municipalities from adopting fire sprinkler requirements in one- and two-family homes.
Status: Died in committee.
Nebraska
Number: LB949: Removes the home fire sprinkler provision from the 2009 IRC. Prohibits any jurisdiction from requiring fire sprinklers in one- and two-family homes and town homes. Died in committee.
Status: LR384 referred matter to implementation study.
New Hampshire
Number: HB1191, HB1486: Both bills prohibit the fire code from requiring the installation of fire sprinkler systems in single or multi-family dwellings. HB1486 passed by House with amendment. HB1191 referred to interim study.
Status: HB1486 passed by full House and Senate with amendment establishing committee to study municipal requirements.
Pennsylvania

Number: SB1001
Status: Adopted January 1, 2011. Pending legal action. PA Builders injunction denied. Pending committee action.

Number: HB1809: HB1809 and companion SB1001 prohibit inclusion of home fire sprinkler requirement if the home is located within 5 miles of fire station or not connected to a reliable municipal water supply. HB1808: Prohibits adoption of the 2009 IRC.
Status: Pending committee action.


South Carolina
Number: HB4663
Status: Passed as amended by Senate to maintain requirement in the code but postpones implementation to Jan. 1, 2014. Passed. Signed by Governor.
South Dakota
Number: HB1216: Companion bill SB68. Prohibits local jurisdictions from mandating fire sprinklers in single family homes.
Status: Passed House and Senate. Signed by governor.
Tennessee
Number: SB3220: Companion Bill HB3434. Requires adoption of the 2006 International Building Code that does not include fire sprinkler requirements for one- and two-family homes.
Status: Pending committee action.
Utah
Number: HB0045: Deletes fire sprinkler requirements from the code.
Status: Final version allows local amendments to require home fire sprinklers when certain conditions are met (Pg. 70, Lines 1948-1973). Signed by governor.