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The NFPA Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem

NFPA Fire and Life Safety EcosystemWhen it comes to fire prevention and protection, safety is not something we can take for granted. The NFPA Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem is a framework that identifies the components that must work together to minimize risk and help prevent loss, injuries, and death from fire, electrical, and other hazards.

There are eight key components in the Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem. These components are interdependent. When they work together, the Ecosystem protects everyone. If any component is missing or broken, the Ecosystem can collapse, often resulting in tragedy. Almost always we can trace the cause of injurious life safety incidents and tragedies back to the breakdown of one or more components.

NFPA is committed to promoting the Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem to protect people and property against evolving safety threats, and wants to work with others who are part of this critical system. You can also view this information en Español and em Português.



At NFPA’s 2019 Conference & Expo, President Jim Pauley addressed attendees, urging them to “recommit to the things that have helped us reduce loss over past decades.” In his talk, he provides real-world examples of where the Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem is succeeding, and where we need to do more work, together, to reduce the hazards that threaten the lives of people and property across the globe. "It’s time to act,” says President Pauley. “It’s time to change your thinking. What are you going to do to shore up this safety system?

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Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem Individual components or “cogs”

Learn more about each component and the roles necessary to help maintain and promote a system to protect people and property against evolving safety threats. 

Maintaining an effective policy and regulatory environment, supporting fire, electrical, building, and life safety. 
Using the latest codes and standards developed by experts from across the world. 

Applying all standards referenced (PDF) within the primary fire, life safety, building and electrical codes and standards, including the International Building Code® (IBC®) and International Fire Code® (IFC®).

Prioritizing safety across the board.
Promoting the development of skilled professionals to apply the codes and standards. Supporting effective code enforcement. Providing effective preparedness and response capabilities to deal with fire, electrical, and related hazards. Educating the public about the dangers posed by fire, electrical, and related hazards.